How To Survive A Tornado?

This episode is brought to you by Skillshare. The first 1,000 people to sign up using the
link in the description will get their first 2 months free. A tornado is a rapidly rotating column of
air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and the stormy clouds above. This fierce windstorm is also often referred
to as a whirl wind or twister. Most tornadoes are found in the Great Plains
of the central United States, because it’s an ideal environment for the formation of
severe thunderstorms. In this area, known as Tornado Alley, storms
are caused when dry cold air moving south from Canada meets warm moist air traveling
north from the Gulf of Mexico. Tornados are hugely destructive forces of
nature. If you find yourself face to face with one,
quick thinking is needed. In this episode of The Infographics Show,
we’ll attempt to work out: What Is The Safest Place During a Tornado? On August 3 this year, 12-year-old Hayley
and her 10-year-old brother, Hunter Oleschak were among 40 people who huddled in the basement
of their grandparents’ home near Margaret Bruce Beach while an F-4 tornado tore across
the property on its way to Lake Manitoba. The power of a tornado is categorized on the
Fujita Tornado Intensity, or F Scale with ratings from F1 to F5; 5 being the most destructive. The F4 that these two children survived is
considered devastating with winds between 207 and 260 mph. The tornado that hit the Alonsa area killed
one man, 77-year-old Jack Furrie, and destroyed several homes, trailers, vehicles and farm
structures. It also destroyed an outbuilding on the Oleschak
property. CBC News reported that both Hunter and Hayley
saw and heard the twister as it chewed its way across the RM of Alonsa. They said they spent their time in the basement
of their home, huddled under a mattress, placed there by their dad, “just in case a tree fell
on the house,” Hunter said. So in this case it looks like a mattress acted
as good safety cover for young Haley and Hunter. What other recommendations are out there if
you find yourself in the heart of a tornado? Oklahoma is located in Tornado Alley, and
so there’s no better place to seek advice than from the website of the Oklahoma Emergency
Medical Services Authority, or EMSA. Here’s the advice they give on the safest
places to be during a tornado: In terms of how much time you have to play
with, if a tornado has been spotted by the weather radar, you need to seek shelter immediately. A basement or storm shelter underground is
by far the safest place to be, but you may not have time to reach one, in which case
you’ll need to improvise and find the safest place possible. If you are at home when the storms hits, here
is the advice: 1. If you have a cellar, storm shelter, safe
room or basement available, go immediately to that area. If none of these options are available to
you, then you should get to the lowest level of your home. 2. Find the nearest windowless interior room,
such as a bathroom, closet or inner hallway. 3. Stay as far from windows as possible – they
will shatter when the storm hits. 4. Go to the center of the room – corners tend
to attract debris. 5. Get under a sturdy piece of furniture; heavy
table or desk, and hold on to it. Or a mattress if one is available. 6. And protect your head and neck with a blanket,
if possible. That’s the advice if you live in a bricks
and mortar house but what if you live in a mobile home? Mobile homes are particularly vulnerable to
tornadoes. Even if they have been anchored down they
can still be easily overturned by the strong swirling winds. If you are in a mobile home when a tornado
is approaching, evacuate the home immediately. 1. If possible find the nearest building with
a strong foundation and take shelter there. 2. If a shelter is not available, lie in a ditch
or low-lying area a safe distance away from the mobile home. 3. Use your arms to protect your head and neck. 4. Stay alert to the potential for flooding. If you are at work or school: 1. Go to the basement or an inside hallway at
the lowest level. 2. Avoid places with wide-span roofs such as
auditoriums, cafeterias, gymnasiums, large hallways or shopping malls. 3. Get under a sturdy piece of furniture such
as a desk or heavy table. 4. Use your arms to protect head and neck If you are in a vehicle, never try to outrun
a tornado. Tornadoes can change direction quickly and
a car is no match for the strong tornado gusts and can be tossed through the air. Get out of the vehicle immediately and take
shelter in a nearby building. And if there is no time to take shelter, then
use the same advice when stranded outside: lie in a ditch or low-lying area, use your
arms to protect your head and neck, and stay alert to the potential for flooding. Those are a few suggestions on how to protect
yourself if a tornado hits, but it’s also sensible to be as prepared as you can. According to the Centre for Disease Control
and Prevention, or CDC, the best way to stay safe during a tornado is to have the following
items on hand: Fresh batteries and a battery-operated TV, radio, or internet-enabled device to listen
to the latest emergency weather information; A tornado emergency plan including access
to a “safe shelter” for yourself and for people with special needs; An emergency kit,
including water, non-perishable food, and medication; and a list of important information,
including telephone numbers. And of course it’s always sensible to be
aware of the weather conditions…As well as keeping an eye on the sky, if you know
thunderstorms are expected, stay tuned to local radio and TV stations. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Agency (NOAA) there is no guaranteed safety during a tornado. Even the possibility of a tornado must be
taken seriously. In 2016 the tornado season claimed the lives
of 18 individuals and injured another 325. 78% of those victims were in a mobile home
or trailer park at the time of the tornado. These storms caused an estimated $183 million
in property damage. Although the most violent tornadoes can level
and blow away almost any house and those within it, extremely violent F5 tornadoes are very
rare and most tornadoes are much weaker. Do you know what to do in case of a massive
emergency? Maybe not for a tornado, but how about for
an earthquake or a flood? If not, you should consider taking a class
with a retired US Navy military police officer called “Basic Disaster Prep: Developing
a Home Preparedness Plan.” You can learn this and many more things by
joining Skillshare. Study things that will help you out with your
day to day life, or maybe improve skills that will get you better job opportunities! Skillshare is an online learning community
with over 20,000 classes in leadership, photography, productivity, and more. Premium Membership will give you unlimited
access to topics that will improve your skills and your life! Join the millions of other people who are
using Skillshare and get 2 months for free. To sign up, go to infographics33
or click the link in the description, and start learning today! Do you live in Tornado Alley and maybe you’ve
even seen one of these destructive forces of nature in action. Let us know in the comments. Also, be sure to watch our other video called
This man spent 43 years in isolation! Thanks for watching, and as always, don’t
forget to like, share and subscribe, see you next time!.

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