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How To Survive The First Hour Of A Nuclear Blast / Fallout! DEBUNKED

How To Survive The First Hour Of A Nuclear Blast / Fallout! DEBUNKED


“EMERGENCY ALERT: BALLISTIC MISSILE THREAT
INBOUND TO HAWAII. SEEK IMMEDIATE SHELTER. THIS IS NOT A DRILL.” This message from the Hawaii Emergency Management
Agency flooded the cell phones of locals in Hawaii on January 13th 2018. Those listening
to the radio or watching TV were told: “If you are indoors, stay indoors. If you
are outdoors, seek immediate shelter in a building. Remain indoors well away from windows.
If you are driving, pull safely to the side of the road and seek shelter in a building
or lay on the floor.” Understandably, chaos ensued. There were reports of hotels evacuating residents,
parents and children lying under mattresses in bathtubs, and people stuck in traffic abandoning
their cars. Others ignored the advice to stay indoors Yet the seconds passed and there was no missile,
no explosion, no nuclear annihilation. 38 minutes after the initial emergency broadcast,
the following message came through: “EMERGENCY ALERT: THERE IS NO MISSILE THREAT
OR DANGER TO THE STATE OF HAWAII. REPEAT. FALSE ALARM” The whole thing had been a mistake. Someone
had selected the wrong option during a routine check, turning a test scenario in to a live
scenario. But what if the alert was real? The situation has played out in TV and movies
for years, but what will it actually be like and what should you really do? Will a nuke
automatically obliterate your entire city? Will the flash incinerate your retinas? Where
is the safest place to hide? Or should or you simply “Duck & Cover”? (Audio song
from video) I’m Stu, this is Debunked, where we sort
the truths from the myths and the facts from the misconceptions. Fortunately for most of humanity, nuclear
weapons have only ever been used in warfare twice, back in 1945, when the US dropped atomic
bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan at the end of World War Two. The first bomb, that fell on Hiroshima, code
named Little Boy, exploded with the force of between 12,000 and 15,000 tons of TNT,
and immediately wiped out an area of 13 square kilometers. The fire ball it produced was
370 metres across, with a surface temperature of 6,000C – that’s about the same as the
surface of the Sun. The results of both bombs were catastrophic,
with an estimated 185,000 deaths as a result of the attacks. Perhaps the most miraculous story that came
out of the atomic bombings is that of Tsutomu Yamaguchi, who saw a Bomber in the sky while
on a business trip in Hiroshima on August 6th 1945 when suddenly… “I THOUGHT THE
SUN HAD FALLEN FROM THE SKY” He had just enough time to throw himself into
a ditch, and, even though he was just 3km away from the centre of the blast, he survived,
albeit seriously burned, temporarily blind and with burst eardrums. He returned home, to Nagasaki, just in time
to live through the second atomic bomb three days later. This time he was in an office
and, once again he somehow managed to survive, in part thanks to a reinforced stairwell that
reduced the ferocity of the blast in the building. I’ll leave it to you to decide whether he’s
the luckiest or unluckiest man in history. Yet, while Mr. Yamaguchi is the only recognised
survivor of both attacks, a documentary made in 2006 discovered a further 165 fellow citizens
who lived through both bombings. In fact, despite the death and devastation, the vast
majority of people living in either city survived, with approximately 71% of the population in
Hiroshima, and 76% in Nagasaki making it through the attack. This should give us all hope that
should the unthinkable happen, we might just make it out alive. Now, some of you are probably thinking nukes
have come a long way since World War 2. And you wouldn’t be wrong. The most powerful nuclear weapon ever created,
the Tsar Bomba, was detonated by the USSR in 1961. The blast it produced was 50 Megatonnes,
that’s more than 3,000 Hiroshimas, or 10 times the total munitions used in World War
Two. Even if you’d stood 100km away you’d have got third degree burns. Now, I’ve got some very bad news and some
slightly less bad news. The very bad is that Russia is currently developing a 100 Megatonne
nuclear torpedo. That’s double a Tsar Bomba. If one of those nuclear torpedos hit New York
city, then 8 million people would be killed. However, the slightly less bad news is that
back in 2011, when the US government produced a report looking at how authorities should
respond to a nuclear attack, and they weren’t concentrating on such overpowered weapons. Instead, their focus was on smaller, improvised
nuclear devices or INDs, the sort of device likely to be used by a politcal or idealogical
organization and, thus, one people like us are more likely to deal with. As the report itself noted: “A low-yield explosion from an IND is quite
different from Cold War strategic thermonuclear detonation scenarios upon which much of our
current understanding and civil defense planning are based” Ultimately though, your chances of survival
boil down to two factors; The yield of the bomb being detonated and
your proximity to Ground Zero. And your immediate response to the attack.
Let’s examine each of these factors in turn. The yield of a nuclear weapon is a reference
to the energy it releases, the bigger the yield the more powerful the bomb, usually
given in kilotons or megatons of TNT. It’s the yield of the bomb that will decide how
likely you are to die in an instant, or live to see Mad Max become your new reality. While we’re here, let’s take a moment
to dispel a common misconception about the damage dealt by a powerful nuclear bomb. It’s
logical to assume that a bomb 1000 times more powerful than another would do 1000 times
the damage, but this isn’t the case. A bomb 1000 times as powerful as the one that
hit Hiroshima, would produce equally serious blast damage over an area 130 times as large,
not 1000 times as large. Of course, factors like weapon design, whether
it explodes on the surface or in the air, the geography of the location or even just
the weather, can have an impact on the ultimate outcome of the blast. Looking back again at Hiroshima and Nagasaki,
even though the second bomb was more powerful, the hills around Nagasaki helped absorb some
of the damage, leading to fewer casualties. So, let’s take a look at the scenario considered
most likely – the detonation of a 10 kiltoton nuclear device. For the sake of argument,
we’ll say ground zero is here, Centre Point in London, and the bomb is detonated at surface
level. The yellow circle is the fireball, which has
a radius of about 200m for our relatively modest bomb. Remember, the surface temperature
of the fireball is similar to that of our Sun and deeper inside that fireball, at the
point of detonation, the temperature is actually millions of degrees Celsius. Needless to say,
getting caught within this area means an extremely quick death. The red circle is what I like to call – the
super shock wave. Here the pressure of the blast is so great that most buildings are
destroyed, and while humans can physically withstand the pressure, the hurricane-force
winds combined with flying debris mean almost all people in this area are killed. For our
IND this is 470m from the centre of the explosion. Moving further out, we see the extent of the
blue circle, which illustrates the medium strength shock wave. You’re likely to find
most residential buildings have collapsed, numerous fatalities and extensive injuries
amongst those who somehow managed to survive. We’re now approaching almost 1 kilometer
from ground zero. At 1.25km we’re reaching the limit of the
extreme radiation. Within this green circle, people are absorbing doses of radiation 800
times greater than the average American is exposed to in an entire year. What this means in practice, is death rates
of between 50% to 90%, from radiation poisoning leading to painful deaths lasting anywhere
from just a few hours to several weeks. Expect to suffer from nausea and headaches to begin
with, followed by your hair falling out, bleeding and increased chance of infection if you make
it beyond the first few days. Then, finally, the orange circle, which extends
just over 1.4km from ground zero, shows the thermal radiation produced
by the blast. The heat is so intense that third-degree burns are almost inevitable,
these can be fatal in themselves or require amputation. Even beyond this area, first-
and second-degree burns are likely due to the immense heat. All told, an area of 6.2 square kilometers
would be have been decimated by the hypothetical IND. Approximately 30,000 people would have
died with 75,000 more injured. Some estimates of the death toll in such densely populated
areas are far more distressing, coming in at 100,000. According to Irwin Redlener, director of the
National Center for Disaster Preparedness at Columbia University, even at 13 kilometers there’s between a
10 to 20% chance of dying instantly from a 10 kiloton device. Let’s take a quick look at scenario 2, what
would have happened if the Tsar Bomba had been detonated at the same place in London.
Unsurprisingly, a bomb 5,000 times more powerful produces annihilation, with over 4.5 million
estimated fatalities and 3 million injured. The thermal radiation from the fireball even
gets close to Oxford and Cambridge. It’s probably best not to think what those
doomsday torpedoes the Russians are currently working on could do. Regardless of how powerful the bomb is, if
you get caught in this area your chances of survival are going to take a significant hit,
with them reaching rock bottom if you happen to be unlucky enough to find yourself close
to the fireball at ground zero. To make matters worse, we haven’t even looked
at the effects of nuclear fallout yet, but fear not, because this is where knowing what
to do in the first hour of a nuclear attack might just mean the difference between life
and death. Right, so now it’s time to look at the second
factor that will determine your chances of survival, how you respond to the attack. According to Jeff Schlegelmilch, deputy director
of the National Center for Disaster Preparedness at Columbia University. “If you see a nuclear flash, the first thing
to do is get behind a barrier in case the shock wave comes” – Jeff Schlegelmilch. Bear in mind, the shockwave is travelling
at hundreds of kilometres an hour, so you won’t have long to find cover. When Yamaguchi took shelter in a nearby ditch
however the shock wave lifted him up off of the ground spun him around like a tornado
and threw him in to a nearby field. Radiation safety specialist, Brooke Buddemeier, recommends
sheltering behind something that is structurally sound.
“When I think of where I would go for protection from prompt effects, and from the blast wave
in particular, I think of the same kinds of things that we do for tornadoes,” “Be in an
area where if there’s a dramatic jolt, things aren’t going to fall on you,”
– BROOKE BUDDEMEIER | RADIATION SAFETY SPECIALIST | LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LAB If you do manage to survive the shockwave,
things, sadly, don’t get much easy. It’s now a real race against time. Essentially, when the bomb goes off the explosion
creates an immense amount of dust and debris, which combines with the radioactive products
that result from the nuclear reaction at the heart of the bomb. This radioactive dirt is
drawn upward into the sky by the intense heat, this is where you’ll usually see that distinctive
mushroom cloud. However, as those radioactive particles cool they make their way back to
the ground and that Fallout means trouble for you. “You will have some time to take action
to keep you and your family safe. The biggest thing, get inside, stay inside, and stay tuned.”
– Brooke Buddemeier, Radiation Safety Specialist, Lawrence Livermore National Lab The likelihood is that you’ll have somewhere
between 10 to 20 minutes to find shelter To make matters worse, you might also be blind
– turns out explosions that are basically miniature suns are a bit overwhelming for
your eyesight. Fortunately, according to the Department of Homeland Security’s website,
this lack of vision should only last about a minute. Unfortunately, if the attack happens
at night and you’re out in the dark, the blindness might last up to 35 minutes. For
the sake of argument we’ll say our hypothetical situation takes place during the day, since
not being blind makes it a lot easier to find shelter. I’m also going to assume that you haven’t
been preparing for the end of the world and built your own state-of-the-art fallout shelter. It’s a pretty safe assumption, even at the
height of the Cold War, when nuclear obliteration haunted everyone’s lives, less than 2% of
Americans ever actually bothered to build a bomb shelter or create a safe space in their
basement. Although that assumption doesn’t apply to
Switzerland, which has built around 250,000 shelters – enough to accommodate it’s entire
population. But for the rest of us, there’s a good chance
you don’t have a spare bunker lying around, so where should you go? First off, don’t stay in your car. The metal
doors and glass windows are going to be way too thin to protect you from gamma radiation.
Mobile homes won’t offer adequate shelter either. Instead, try to find a basement or a larger
multistory building, remembering the key factor is putting as many thick layers between you
and the fallout. We’re talking concrete or brick here, so nice-looking glass skyscrapers
or homes built of wood and plaster aren’t your best bets. If you want to block out 99%
of radiation you need to shelter behind 12.5 centimetres of steel, 40cm of brick or 60cm
of packed earth. If you’re in a city with a subway system, heading deep inside would
also offer a decent level of protection. Assuming you’ve made it inside somewhere
above ground, avoid the top floors, all the fallout is going to settle on the roof. and
the whole point of going inside is to stay as far away as possible from those pesky dust
particles that are emitting dangerous levels of gamma radiation, which could lead to radiation
poisoning. Instead get to the center of the building. If there’s time try to close off
areas where fallout might enter – doors, fireplaces, air conditioners, windows – then do it. Okay, let’s look at a slightly different
scenario, one where things didn’t quite go so smoothly. This time we’ve abandoned
our car and sprinted to the nearest sturdy-looking building, but fallout might be starting to
land around you. If you think it is, the best thing to do is cover your nose and mouth with
a rag, and close your eyes. Stumbling around like this won’t be easy,
so in this example, it’s taken 15 minutes to actually get inside.
CHARACTER TRIPS OVER, AND THEN MAKES IT INSIDE A BUILDING. Did any of that fall out land on you? Is it
in your hair or on your clothes? It might be, which means you’re at risk of getting
acute radiation poisoning. I don’t want to sound like too much of a pessimist, but
a bad sign at this stage is if you’ve already started vomiting. Since your gut is highly
sensitive to radiation, puking is a sign you’ve absorbed a pretty heavy dose of the bad stuff
and the prognosis is probably death. If you haven’t started hurling everywhere,
there’s plenty of things you can do to get rid of any fallout that might be on you. Carefully
remove your outer layer of clothing – this can remove 90% of radioactive material – put
it in a plastic bag and leave it somewhere far out of the way. Take your time, whipping
your kit off too quickly might shake free any radioactive dust and that’s not going
to help anyone. A shower would also be quite handy, by all
means treat yourself to some soap and shampoo to help wash yourself off but avoid using
conditioner. It’ll bind radioactive particles to your hair. I’m afraid your vibrant and
glossy hairstyle is one of the many casualties of a nuclear disaster. Even if there’s no
shower, wash your face, hands and any body parts that were uncovered using a sink, damp
cloth or wet wipe. Again, the key is using plenty of water and taking your time – the
last thing you want to do is scratch yourself and allow radioactive material to get into
your skin. By now, it’s likely that an hour has passed,
which means that the radioactive fallout outside has already decayed by 50%. Within the first
24 hours it will have given up 80% of its energy, going up to 99% after two weeks – but
remember, if the radiation was high enough to begin with, that 1% could still be dangerous
so staying indoors for as long as possible significantly reduces your chances of contamination. According to the US State Department,
“The importance of sheltering in place, preferably inside a sealed room, for at least
the first 48 hours after a nuclear detonation cannot be over-emphasized”.
US State Department If you can, wait for government agencies to
send help and listen out for their instructions before vacating your safe spot. If you are worried about Kim Jong-Un going
nuclear, a homemade IND, or your virtual assistant becoming self-aware and starting World War
III, then you might be interested in preparing a Basic Emergency Supply Kit. According to FEMA here are the items you’ll
need. Chances are though, you’re not going to be carrying this with you when disaster
strikes, so just remember this get inside, stay inside, and stay tuned and you might just make it.

100 thoughts on “How To Survive The First Hour Of A Nuclear Blast / Fallout! DEBUNKED”

  1. They say, "Beware of old men in a profession where men die young."

    I say, "Before of old men who survived two atom bombs and lived to tell the tale…"

  2. 12:26
    Narrator: "Radiation Safety Specialist…"

    Me *Sees picture*: Josef Stalin?

    Narrator: "…Brooke Buddemeier…"

    Me: Yeah, that was my second guess.

  3. Improvised bomb would likely be detonated on some kind of elevated platform, like top/high floor of tall building, small hill in center of city etc. to maximize damage.

  4. I live in hawaii and when that happend I was like aww shit here we go. Then after I was like wtf happend and I laugh about it all the time.

  5. Some thing you should know if you are scared about the super Russian bomb being as it is so big any to most radioactive particles will be sent miles into the air and will stay there for many years before they make their way down and by the time they do they are harmless so if u aren't in the blast radius the fatalities by radioactive fallout are much lower

  6. They are the only ones that detonated a 50 megaton and it is ridiculous to claim they are building a 100 megaton weapon because anything over 50 is wasted ejecting into space. This is not secret stuff so this rumor is absolute BS.

  7. Nuclear torpedo wouldn't be able to hit anything on land, considering torpedoes are purely seaborne projectiles. They're meant to wipe out fleets and need the extra power because of the fact that water is so much denser than air. Furthermore, I'd actually doubt the credibility of the report of Russia's development for such a weapon. I say this, not because news sources aren't credible, but because the contract between the Russian Ministry of Defense and the design bureau, Sukhoi, which is the developer of Russia's fifth generation fighter (Su-57), states that out of the 168 initially ordered Su-57 stealth fighters, the Russian Defense Ministry can only afford to have 2 delivered into active service by 2020, instead of the first set of 49 that they'd originally anticipated. Despite the recent claims that they will have 76 of these expensive fighters by 2028, the fact that they've already faced this setback once before in this program, is a very telling sign. They've also done this before, with the Su-47 Berkut fighter in the early 2000s, none of which made it past the prototyping phase because they were so expensive, and of course the first time with the Su-37 "Terminator", during the 1990s.

  8. it might just be my anxiety but if this video came out in april and is being recommended to people just now.. do y’all think it means anything

  9. 0:05 – God, that false alarm. That was a really shitty day.

    My wife and I just kinda stared at each other for a few seconds. She started to freak out a little and I calmed her down and told her to call her boss to see if this was real (she works for the state). Meanwhile my brain is on overdrive trying to figure out just how this could go down if it is real. I figured the main target would be Pearl Harbor/Honolulu and we have some big mountains between us and town. Assuming NK's missiles weren't shot down and were accurate enough to hit their target, we would likely survive the blast. So we would have to deal with the aftermath and fallout and… Then my wife's boss texted that it was a false alarm… WHEW!

    About that time Tulsi Gabbard also confirmed it was false via Twitter. So my wife got to work getting the word out to as many as possible via her impressive social media connections and then like 19 minutes later the official announcement declares the alert false. I still don't understand what took HEMA so long to tell everyone as they knew it was a mistake, but if they had been any kind of competent then they wouldn't have f***ed up so badly in the first place.

  10. great kill all the human scum you can while i’ll be in my nuclear bunker waiting to come up to rebuild a communist dictatorship society.

  11. How do we stay tuned when the blast will clearly knock out all power and fry cell phone networks and their towers?
    Secondly, I wouldn't wait for the government to come help your ass. Odds are, they're the one that did this to you.

  12. person gets inside and then is shocked there is no electricity or water.. and all you did was remember six words.. well shit maybe stop mocking preppers, and they will be nice enough to help your lazy buts!

  13. This day was really scary for my family. bit of corse when we where up and texting my brother who lives in Hawaii he had just gotten up and didn’t know what was going on.

  14. 'Someone had pressed the wrong button'

    Okay I am sorry for all the scared people in Hawaii on that day, but I can't help but laugh at imagining the reaction of the person who has just accidentally pressed the wrong button sending this text out to the entire state. He would have been in complete denial and trying to deflect any of this from him. Like 'ooooooooooh shiiiiiiiiiiiiiit. Okay. That wasn't me'. As horrific as that would have been for the people, this scenario is very comedic.

  15. Humans hunger for revenge, control and dominance rather than forgiveness, humility and kindness led us to the discovery of violence. Maybe, it's true that humans would be the cause of the extinction of the human race.

  16. A nuke torpedo. Wouldn't the water absorbed it slightly plus why a torp. Seems like a waste to nuke a ship in the ocean sure the enemy fleet may be gone but still seems kinda stupid.

  17. Nah, Russia is just messing you guys. But still i don't think they'll use it on land. Even if it existed, I'm assuming they'll use it to create artificial tidal waves mixed with radiation. I mean if they want to wipe out an entire Fleet, It's just overkill. And its a waste of resource i mean dude Uranium is fucking scarce why waste it on a Fleet? They can probably make a lighter version of it and use it on them. But chances are that the torpedo they meant is literally what it is or it is a part of a launching sequence for that specific weapon. Have you guys seen Kirov launching odd torpedos that has missiles on them? Yeah this is probably the case for that Nuke torpedo. However, Scare tactics man that's mostly what Military is all about this days.

  18. If America stops accusing Russia of utter garbage with a bit of luck we will never have to find out what russian weapons can do if not o well

  19. I was watching a video (from the '40s maybe I don't know the picture was black and white) that children had to watch at school where in the event of a nuclear bomb you were shown different scenarios(ie; on the bus, in the classroom, if you were in the restroom) on what to do if a bombing were to suddenly happen and it was funny at the time because it had a weird phrasing that you wouldn't see now, I didn't really take into effect how very real people thought this was necessary enough to show little kids and afterwords my heart broke to know that kids had to live in constant fear that this could happen and it made me think of Oppenheimer(i mean how could it not he is the father of the nuclear bomb after all) and his quote "I am death, destroyer of worlds" that quote will represent humans for all of mankind.

  20. Now I'm scared for Estonia, Russia's neighbor. One of the strongest nuclear bomb is gonna wipe the WHOLE population in Estonia probably. I live in Estonia so yeah heh…

  21. Only groups of people to use these weapons are Islamic despots, they'd rather the world burn than follow international laws. Any developed country wouldn't launch as it Would result into global annihilation as everyone would be CARBONISED.

  22. That's why it is needed that we ban nukes. Anyone who makes or keeps nukes, needs to be arrested & put behind bars. If this isn't done soon, the day isn't far when one of these nuclear powerhouse nation goes batshit crazy & bombs another nation. But I wouldn't recommend to destroy the warheads. Instead keep them in a place where all the nations agree to store them. A high security, secret area (like Area 51,for example). In case we ever get invaded by an alien species or come under attack by AI, these nukes would be our only defense. Unless the AI somehow gets access to the nukes, then we're royally fucked ( ╹▽╹ )

  23. Here's how to survive in a few steps:

    Step-1: Strike a manly fucking pose.
    Step-2: Stare intensely at the sky.
    Step-3: Say "Yare yare daze".
    Step-4: Shout "Za Warudo!".
    Step-5: See Step-1.

  24. 4:15 That still means that ~30% of the pop. of citizens was killed, while Japan was already in motion of surrendering.

  25. dude why are you addressing the topic like the russians are the bad guy ?? hahahaha are you doing propaganda ? why should you have the most powerful bombs ? what makes you better than russians ?

  26. I would like to remember to the creator of this video:
    Number of atomic bombs launched by Russia over civil population: 0
    Number of atomic bombs launched by EEUU over civil population: 2
    Please reconsider when referring to the Russians as the bad guys. Also, I would like to mention that the bombs launched over Hiroshima and Nagasaki were made with uranium and plutonium respectively with no other reason for this genocide that proving the two types of bombs in the field against an already defeated enemy.
    With all said, I want to clarify that I don't mean that EEUU are the bad guys, or Russia the good guys, we are just a bunch of countries that do terrible and awesome things equally and fight for our interests, but it grinds my gears this kind of propaganda.

    PS: I would also like to remember that the Soviet Union was the winner of the space race.
    Cheers!

  27. NRA:The only thing to stop a bad guy with a nuclear bomb is the good guy with a nuclear bomb, and keep US safe and free…
    hahahahaha

  28. So i live in Houston and Austin is the capital of Texas so if the powerfulest bomb was released in the middle of Austin would it get to Houston? Because i would wanna survive.. 🙁

  29. Don't worry if you're an american, the military will send a small missile to the much larger nuclear missile, and make it blow up before it even reaches america.

  30. " the nuke will maybe hit new York"
    Ummm I live in USA and new York is located there 😨😨 brb ima ask my mom can we move to Antarctica

  31. I bet Russia uses that torpedo on America. Along with North Korea nuking from the sky to wipe america off the map.

  32. The tsunami torpedoes are terrifying, a 100MT bomb flooding a country over tens of kilometers inland with irradiated sea water…

  33. Just saying the U.S probably has a bigger bomb than Russia but we're not saying that we have s bigger bomb because then Russia will try to make a bigger bomb than the U.S

  34. i wonder after all of these genocidal acts how US still claims to be the home of human rights , peace and …

  35. 8:07—8:11
    "The red circle is what i like to call is the super shockwave"

    Me: Wrong, it's the Red zone

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