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How will we survive when the population hits 10 billion? | Charles C. Mann

How will we survive when the population hits 10 billion? | Charles C. Mann

How are we doing? No, no, no, by that, I meant, how are we, homo sapiens “we” … (Laughter) doing as a species? (Laughter) Now the typical way
to answer that question is this. You choose some measure
of human physical well-being: average longevity,
average calories per day, average income, overall population,
that sort of thing, and draw a graph of its value over time. In almost every case,
you get the same result. The line skitters along
at a low level for millennia, then rockets up exponentially
in the 19th and 20th century. Or choose a measure of consumption: consumption of energy,
consumption of fresh water, consumption of the world’s photosynthesis, and draw a graph of its value over time. In the same way, the line skitters along
at a low level for millennia, then rockets up exponentially
in the 19th and 20th century. Biologists have a word for this: outbreak. An outbreak is when
a population or species exceeds the bounds of natural selection. Natural selection ordinarily
keeps populations and species within roughly defined limits. Pests, parasites, lack of resources
prevent them from expanding too much. But every now and then,
a species escapes its bounds. Crown-of-thorns starfish
in the Indian Ocean, zebra mussels in the Great Lakes,
spruce budworm here in Canada. Populations explode,
a hundredfold, a thousandfold, a millionfold. So here’s a fundamental
lesson from biology: outbreaks in nature don’t end well. (Laughter) Put a couple of protozoa
into a petri dish full of nutrient goo. In their natural habitat, soil or water,
their environment constrains them. In the petri dish, they have
an ocean of breakfast and no natural enemies. They eat and reproduce, eat and reproduce, until bang, they hit
the edge of the petri dish, at which point they either
drown in their own waste, starve from lack of resources, or both. The outbreak ends, always, badly. Now, from the viewpoint of biology, you and I are not fundamentally different
than the protozoa in the petri dish. We’re not special. All the things that we, in our vanity,
think make us different — art, science, technology, and so forth,
they don’t matter. We’re an outbreak species, we’re going to hit the edge
of the petri dish, simple as that. Well, the obvious question:
Is this actually true? Are we in fact doomed
to hit the edge of the petri dish? I’d like to set aside
this question for a moment and ask you guys another one. If we are going to escape biology,
how are we going to do it? In the year 2050, there will be almost
10 billion people in the world, and all of those people will want
the things that you and I want: nice cars, nice clothes, nice homes, the odd chunk of Toblerone. I mean, think of it:
Toblerone for 10 billion people. How are we going to do this? How are we going to feed everybody,
get water to everybody, provide power to everybody,
avoid the worst impacts of climate change? I’m a science journalist, and I’ve been asking these questions
to researchers for years, and in my experience, their answers
fall into two broad categories, which I call “wizards” and “prophets.” Wizards, techno-whizzes, believe that science and technology,
properly applied, will let us produce
our way out of our dilemmas. “Be smart, make more,” they say. “That way, everyone can win.” Prophets believe close to the opposite. They see the world as governed
by fundamental ecological processes with limits that we
transgress to our peril. “Use less, conserve,” they say. “Otherwise, everybody’s going to lose.” Wizards and prophets have been
butting their heads together for decades, but they both believe that technology
is key to a successful future. The trouble is, they envision
different types of technology and different types of futures. Wizards envision a world of glittering,
hyperefficient megacities surrounded by vast tracts
of untouched nature, economies that have
transitioned from atoms to bits, dematerialized capitalist societies that no longer depend
on exploiting nature. Energy, to wizards,
comes from compact nuclear plants; food from low-footprint farms
with ultraproductive, genetically modified crops
tended by robots; water from high-throughput
desalination plants, which means we no longer
exploit rivers and aquifers. Wizards envision all 10 billion of us packed into ultradense
but walkable megacities, an urbanized world
of maximum human aspiration and maximum human liberty. Now, prophets object to every bit of this. You can’t dematerialize
food and water, they point out. They say, you can’t eat bits, and industrial agriculture has already
given us massive soil erosion, huge coastal dead zones
and ruined soil microbiomes. And you wizards, you want more of this? And those giant desalination plants? You know they generate
equally giant piles of toxic salt that are basically
impossible to dispose of. And those megacities you like? Can you name me
an actually existing megacity that really exists in the world today,
except for possibly Tokyo, that isn’t a cesspool
of corruption and inequality? Instead, prophets pray for a world
of smaller, interconnected communities, closer to the earth, a more agrarian world
of maximum human connection and reduced corporate control. More people live
in the countryside in this vision, with power provided by neighborhood-scale
solar and wind installations that disappear into the background. Prophets don’t generate water
from giant desalination plants. They capture it from rainfall, and they reuse and recycle it endlessly. And the food comes
from small-scale networks of farms that focus on trees and tubers rather than less productive cereals
like wheat and rice. Above all, though, prophets envision
people changing their habits. They don’t drive to work,
they take their renewable-powered train. They don’t take 30-minute
hot showers every morning. They eat, you know,
like Michael Pollan says, real food, mostly plants, not too much. Above all, prophets say
submitting to nature’s restraints leads to a freer, more democratic,
healthier way of life. Now, wizards regard all this as hooey. They see it as a recipe for narrowness,
regression, and global poverty. Prophet-style agriculture, they say,
only extends the human footprint and shunts more people
into low-wage agricultural labor. Those neighborhood-run solar facilities, they sound great, but they depend on a technology
that doesn’t exist yet. They’re a fantasy. And recycling water? It’s a brake
on growth and development. Above all, though, wizards object
to the prophets’ emphasis on wide-scale social engineering, which they see as deeply anti-democratic. If the history of the last two centuries
was one of unbridled growth, the history of the coming century
may well be the choice we make as a species between these two paths. These are the arguments that will be
resolved, in one way or another, by our children’s generation, the generation that will come
into the world of 10 billion. Now, but wait, by this point,
biologists should be rolling their eyes so loud you can barely hear me speak. They should be saying,
all of this, wizards, prophets, it’s a pipe dream. It doesn’t matter which illusory path
you think you’re taking. Outbreaks in nature don’t end well. I mean, you think the protozoa
see the edge of the petri dish approaching and say, “Hey guys,
time to change society”? No. They just let her rip. That’s what life does,
and we’re part of life. We’ll do the same thing. Deal with it. Well, if you’re a follower of Darwin,
you have to take this into consideration. I mean, the basic counterargument
boils down to: “We’re special.” How lame is that? (Laughter) I mean, we can accumulate
and share knowledge and use it to guide our future. Well, are we actually doing this? Is there any evidence that we’re actually
using our accumulated, shared knowledge to guarantee our long-term prosperity? It’s pretty easy to say no. If you’re a wizard, and you believe that hyperproductive,
genetically engineered crops are key to feeding everyone
in tomorrow’s world, you have to worry that 20 years of scientists demonstrating
that they are safe to consume has failed to convince the public
to embrace this technology. If you’re a prophet and you believe that key to solving
today’s growing shortage of fresh water is to stop wasting it, you have to worry
that cities around the world, in rich places as well as poor, routinely lose a quarter
or more of their water to leaky and contaminated pipes. I mean, Cape Town, just a little
while ago, almost ran out of water. Cape Town loses a third
of its water to leaky pipes. This problem has been
getting worse for decades, and remarkably little
has been done about it. If you’re a wizard, and you think
that clean, abundant, carbon-free nuclear power
is key to fighting climate change, then you have to worry that the public willingness
to build nukes is going down. If you’re a prophet, and you think
that the solution to the same problem is these neighborhood-run solar facilities
shuttling power back and forth, you have to worry that no nation
anywhere in the world has devoted anything like the resources
necessary to develop this technology and deploy it in the time that we need it. And if you’re on either side,
wizard or prophet, you have to worry that, despite
the massive alarm about climate change, the amount of energy generated every year
from fossil fuels has gone up by about 30 percent
since the beginning of this century. So, still think we’re different
than the protozoa? Still think we’re special? Actually, it’s even worse than that. (Laughter) We’re not in the streets. No seriously, if there’s a difference
between us and the protozoa, a difference that matters, it’s not just our art and science
and technology and so forth — it’s that we can yell and scream,
we can go out into the streets, and, over time,
change the way society works, but we’re not doing it. Wizards have been arguing
literally for decades that nuclear power is key
to resolving climate change. But the first pro-nuke march in history
occurred less than two years ago, and it was dwarfed by the anti-nuke
marches of the past. Prophets have been arguing,
again literally for decades, that conservation is key
to keeping freshwater supplies without destroying the ecosystems
that generate those freshwater supplies. But in the history of humankind,
there has never been a street full of angry protesters
waving signs about leaky pipes. In fact, most of the political
activity in this sphere has been wizards and prophets
fighting each other, protesting each other rather than recognizing that they are,
fundamentally, on the same side. After all, these people are concerned
about the same thing: How are we going to make our way
in the world of 10 billion? The first step towards generating
that necessary social movement, creating that critical mass and getting
that yelling and screaming going seems obvious:
wizards and prophets join together. But how are you going to do this,
given the decades of hostility? One way might be this: Each side agrees to accept
the fundamental premises of the other. Accept that nuclear power
is safe and carbon-free, and that uranium mines
can be hideously dirty and that putting large volumes
of toxic waste on rickety trains and shuttling them around
the countryside is a terrible idea. To me, this leads rather quickly
to a vision of small, neighborhood scale, temporary nukes, nuclear power as a bridge technology
while we develop and deploy renewables. Or accept that genetically
modified crops are safe and that industrial agriculture
has caused huge environmental problems. To me, this leads rather quickly
to a vision of plant scientists devoting much more of their attention
to tree and tuber crops, which can be much more
productive than cereals, use much less water than cereals,
and cause much less erosion than cereals. These are just ideas
from a random journalist. I’m sure there’s a hundred better ones
right here in this room. The main point is, wizards and prophets working together
have many paths to success. And success would mean
much more than mere survival, important though that is. I mean, if humankind somehow
survives its own outbreak, if we get food to everybody,
get water to everybody, get power to everybody, if we avoid the worst effects
of climate change, if we somehow safeguard the biome, it would be amazing. It would say, I think, even to a hardened cynic like me, maybe we really are special. Thank you. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “How will we survive when the population hits 10 billion? | Charles C. Mann”

  1. At 2:23, you raise the question: "Is this actually true? Are we going to hit the edge of the pitri dish?" You then set that question aside and never actually get back to it. Over the course of nearly 13 minutes, you fail to provide any evidence as to why the growth of our species is remotely analogous to the growth of microbes in a pitri dish. As someone with access to the internet, I urge you to look at birth rates in first world countries. THEY ARE DROPPING BELOW 2:1 CHILDREN:WOMEN!!!! How can you possibly ignore this trend? Take a look for yourself: As humans continue to progress, particularly with respect to education, birth rates will continue to drop below sub-replacement fertility levels. Will we hit 10 billion? I don't know. What happens when we do? I don't know, but again, you fail to demonstrate why 10 billion is a scary number in the first place. When the population was 4 billion, people were undoubtedly screaming bloody murder at the thought of 3 billion more people, and here we are, doing better than ever. Just look at the wiki page for human overpopulation ( and your fears will be alleviated. I'm happy to concede that humans aren't particularly special, and that your thesis isn't either. Just as Thomas Malthus was wrong that the global food supply would run out by the mid 19th century, you'll have been wrong to worry another 3 billion people.

  2. Unfortunately the likely scenario is a mix of both….. We will engage in global war, but the outcome may be a lower population number.

  3. We need more support for euthanasia clinics. After our reproductive years have passed (one child or none at all), the years of being a burden on the social net, and high consuming — meds, motor trips to medical services, higher heating costs for older bodies, etc. — intensify. I grew up in the 1970s on a collective in Mendocino county. This is how we were raised. My father willingly took his life at 58 and my mother two years later at age 56. I am 54 now. Euthanasia clinics would take the pain out of such a stoic decision.

  4. we have MUCH more important issues to protest about these days. like gender identity and manspreading …..The planet's health can wait

  5. Nuclear power based on Uranium and Plutonium is ABSOLUTE INSANITY. Not to mention the most selfish thing that humans have ever done.

  6. The skeptic in me sees no way out of this mess. Our civilization is based on continuous expansion.

    While fewer children would be nice in theory, it doesn´t work out so well in practice. Our economic system is dependent on constant expansion to drive investment, because money is fundamentally created as debt. Basiclly, there isn´t enough money on the planet to repay all debts and therefore the economy requires new loans to be created at all times, those loans comes from investment which in turn are fueled by ever increasing consumption of goods from the living standards rising or the population increasing. The last thing any nation wants is therefore a declining population.

    Making the problem worse is a combination of an aging population with even fewer young people to take care of them. Europe is currently doing everything in it´s power to delay the negative effects of this by importing as many people as possible to delay the future economic collapse. No one wants to be the first country to deal with demografic issues. Even to the point of destroying their own culture and unity; see Sweden.

  7. It is scary to me to think the population will reach 25billion in my lifetime. The earth just haven’t enough recourses to supply for that many people. some day earth will run out of oil (crude oil) even though we are using electric cars and being more bio friendly we still are using more oil each year 87.4 million barrels a day to be exact. Oil hotspots are becoming much more of rarity compared to 10 years ago. This means rainforests are under deforestation because we are after palm oil. To me it is scary to think how we will combat population in the future. I believe something needs to happen soon, I don’t believe china’s method worked of 1 baby only. Female baby’s were found in drain pipes, flushed down the toilet because people wanted males to carry on the family name. Mental. But ultimately that is the only solution really

  8. "nuclear is a bridge technology while we get sustainable energy solutions up and running". This is one of your proposed solutions?? Surely you realise that once companies invest in a new technology, they want it to succeed, not die away and be replaced. Also, sustainable tech is here now and its not being fully implemented because why? Human Greed. That is what will continue to stand in the way of the utopia that the wizards and prophets envision.

  9. is life is like this in 2019 ,the maximum population earth well hit is probably 32 Billion Humans but then when we get life into mars, 27 Billion poeple well die in earth and 5 Billion poeple well survive to mars,life won't be lucky enough to save those 27 Billion poeple to mars

  10. Leaky pipes wasting water?? Be afraid of how they clean the water you drink. Stop drinking out of plastic, stop using oil based anything (youre contributing to the neverending wars as much as any soldier). Wells are filtered by the ground, there is no better method. Get off city water. And be offended when a journalist thinks he has to put science in dungeons and dragons terms for your little brain to understand. At home is the best way to combat what you think is wrong with the world. Watch what you spend your money on and how you raise your kids. Hint: keeping up with the joneses in any way is contributing to our current probs as a society.

  11. The only solution is a pandemic that kills off all but recluses. Everything else will at best delay the problems, but always create new problems.

  12. One of 3 things will happen
    1) Society will collapse in on itself (and if it's one of the major world powers then the others will follow)
    2) nature will sort us out
    3) government control over bodily autonomy

    Ww3- kills off the poor and more resources for the rest of us
    -Man made disease
    -Nature made disease
    -Antibiotic resistant virus' and sti's
    -purge like events(this one is out there but we'll just leave that one open)
    -Get rid of the old(older than 75), handicapped, brain dead, infertile, terminally ill (and if it gets into Hitler logic) homosexuals,(too get even more extreme and darwinistic) those with undesirable traits, mental illnesses, health related illnesses like diabetes, people with chronic illnesses asthma etc, people with low iqs, the homeless the obese
    -assisted suicide
    – quick death penalty executions
    -get rid of pedophiles, traffickers of all kinds, criminals that cannot be rehabilitated and who don't offer anything to society, traitors of the state,
    -make human game legal

  13. Nuclear power consumes land due to 3 x 1000-year accidents so far, so quickly, it will force humanity into the seas in 450,000 years.

  14. it didnt take 200 years Im 9-11-78 and there only a few million per continent Not even close to a billion Today 8+ billion & that is only the people that were counted This is problematic to say the least The standing weight that builds up when we sleep People wonder howcome Tsunami after Tsunami Not only that China has strangled our planets water supply so badly they slowed the spin So POLE SHIFT WE ALL DIE THANK YOU SLANTS Japan Fukushima nuclear power plant that is currently pumping tons of waste into the ocean daily With no end in sight USA has 30 more of these in use The more I learn The more embarrassed I am to be a part of the human race Yes we are all the same type of hypocrites That is the 1st good news if true We need people to require to prove they can afford a child Requiring parenting training education Ensuring they become a positive functional part of the human race

  15. o that is not good Violence is the most acceptable way to deal with it Has been that way for as long as history records Man this sucks We are all going to die But that was always going to happen So Im not sure I even care None of this will happen in my lifetime I feel bad for our children

  16. Population control is difficult to implement on low IQ. THE EARTH WILL CERTAINLY REGULATE HUMANITY.

  17. As typical american rich white men he is not mentioning the two important factors: Capitalism and Meat consumption.

  18. 6-02-2019 – – – People are afraid of their mortality and the only way to handle that fear is to procreate for one of the following five reasons:

    1-make a copy of myself

    2-make a friend because I lack the social skills to make friends with strangers

    3-my kid will save the world

    4-got pregnant by accident-birth control failed…

    5-need someone to take care of me when I'm old.

    The Georgia Guide Stones are right – limit the number of people.
    Watch some idiot post that this is a signal to exterminate large numbers of people.
    The answer is to reduce population through attrition – not murder.
    If there were in fact only a billion or less humans on earth, we wouldn't be having ANY of the problem we have now because of overpopulation.
    The technological solution won't work because of entropy and ineffectiveness.

    What may happen is some kind of "problem" will surface that will eliminate both medical care and industrialized agriculture.

    Sorry folks, but the correct solution is to eliminate sentiment regarding the nobility of the human race and just to do what is necessary to preserve what is left of this ball of dirt flying through space so some people can survive in a "steady state population" sometime in the future.

  19. What I find amazing is that 'care-ers' aren't talking 'only' deep geothermal energy as the need power part.  (also need population control – birth rate now is 2.5 to 1 death: won't work! need controls! 🙂 but another file needed, back to power required) ————– so, as the earth is mostly hot , WHY are we not using it to heat the water for power plants??? (INSTEAD OF DIRTY COAL, OIL, GAS AND NUKE IS DIRTY TOO (sorry 'nukes the way' troop: it is).         Water by precip or desalination doesn't matter; great conduit fluid; send it down to hot, so it heats, pump back up to plant, wee!: hotwater for steam to run the previously halfwit knuckledrag coal fired route!!!) then illegalize carbon burning (combustion engines become illegal), electric cars, electric industrial motors only, recycling lithium etc. (BILL GATES ARE YOU LISTENING? WARREN? LOTS OF BUSINESS AROUND THIS , KIDS !! So then we make the birth rate 2 deaths to one birth by law (oh so Orwellian! oo i'm scared! well we have to man the pumps now ladies, the ship is sinking as k great Thunberg if you don't understand what an emergency is,yes?) for a time, 500 years etc., no emissions, no wars (while we're at it) ————- and we might survive!!! ('special' status buttons too? er, let's leave that to another talk ……… 🙂

  20. Why are so many people so arrogant and selfish as to 'need' to force more than a couple of children into the world we're destroying? There's already so many of us we spend half the day in traffic and whine about the cost of housing because demand outstrips supply – surely if we just averaged 1-2 kids per couple, things would get BETTER? No amount of wizards will save us if we keep breeding like this. I liked the world better twenty years ago. What will twenty more bring? This plague is EXPONENTIAL 🙁

  21. There is only one REAL solution:

  22. Not to worry, them that control things have ebola virus that can reduce the population and probably will be unleashed.

  23. There's nothing that can be done. We'll just have to learn the hard way. It will be in the history books for future generations to learn what will happen if you have pop babies like there's no tomorrow.

  24. New King James Version Ecclesiastes 7:2 Better to go to the house of mourning Than to go to the house of feasting, For that is the end of all men; And the living will take it to heart.

  25. he keeps saying "wizards and prophets" over and over and no one bats an eye? not saying that discredits his message though

  26. The premise of his idea of nuclear is antiquated and out of touch. LFTR and MSR technology that has been proven and is being developed by Canada, US, France, India and China have none of the negatives that he addresses when talking about nuclear energy. Hope he does some research on next gen systems so he can be informed on the issue.

  27. Develop, grow ,think about not only about yourself be free ( more freedom for society it's always a good think)less government the so called world population is the last thing we all should be concerned about period.This is a big lie to put into our minds so we becoming artificial "green ecology puppets zealots" when we should be caring for people around us and the closest environment THAT s IT

  28. The more you have of anything – the less value is attached to same. ECON 101 – More Africans? …like we need more disposable human debris….Western Civilization must stem this if we are to have giraffes, or any of the animals we VALUE ….. there is diminishing value in breeding black and brown populations…. again Econ 101 … feel good empathy will diminish as these people burst their fouled nests and threaten ours. I vote GIRAFFES. and someone with a funny mustache.

  29. We won't. The next Bond event will kill as many as the diminished harvests cannot feed. There will be wars and democides (murders of groups).

  30. Spay neuter all humans over the age of 7. Black ppl have the most kids and white ppl have most kids too .I'm Chinese .u wouldn't dare in my China

  31. The illuminati have convinced us that we need to buy all this technology they have produced. We need a car. We need expensive holidays we need to own property. We need to have lots and lots money in the bank. It’s all a load of rubbish.
    We don’t need these material things. We can work less and have more time to enjoy our lives spending time with our family or enjoying our hobbies and pastimes. We will be happier. Life will be better.
    The only thing stopping us is the taxes that are taken from us. This leaves us in poverty. Whilst the establishment and its friends are all living a luxurious and privileged lifestyle at our expense from our tax money. Meaning we have to stay on that treadmill and keep them in the life of Riley. I reckon we should all become self employed and fiddle our books and give them no taxes. Don’t tell these greedy bastards how much you really earn. Don’t fund these evil establishment terrorists anymore. That’s the way to destroy them in no time.

  32. Could a country isolate it's self from other nations that "hit the edge of the petri dish"? I doubt it.

  33. When people can acknowledge their neighbor or even a coworker, we'll get there. Forget a text message and smart phones, people still need to share ideas verbally

  34. Actually, we are special. We don’t adapt to changes in our environment, we adapt our tools to changes in our environment.

  35. 2:42 “nice car”? “Nice home”? How about A CAR and A HOME. If we keep going at this rate, people will need to be regulated to government built housing complexes that tower high into the sky, cramped and limited.

  36. Hate to disappoint you. BUT! World land area 140 000 000 km/ Square divided by 10 billion people = 1 person every 0.014km/ sqr only half of that land is usable so 0.007km/square is not enough for everyone to farm…
    There is only one option…. Less people!!!

  37. Another concern-troll sounding alarm about overpopulation…the problem is we do not have much population. Look at russia, canada and australia severely underpopulated. Even usa is severely underpopulated. If anything, we have demographic crisis because not many people have children.

  38. Not sure how you can say humans aren’t special. We are the only creature that can distinguish what is morally right or wrong by our own conscience. Other creatures go by instinct and learned behaviors.

  39. I can sympathize with the idea that "people are the pollution". It goes right along with the adage not to value "quantity over quality". The human race is still figuring out how to elevate all of humanity to the highest potential. If a human walks, talks and breathes, but has little or no education and cannot support or sustain himself or the offspring he brings into the world, he is still part of the human race but adds very little to the community at large. These human beings still want equality. This is a big challenge and it really has nothing to do with race. An individual is either productive or relatively useless. As the relatively useless outnumber the productive, the relatively useless will need to be satisfied with a lesser equality because there will never be equality.

  40. I'm 43 years old now… never married … No kids …. You're welcome

    oh and the main reason? Brace yourselves …. Cuz I've never felt that I could honestly afford to have kids

  41. Don’t get it wrong idiots, first world country residents need to keep breeding, only 3rd world countries with explosive birth rates need to be regulated. China has been dealt with, it’s India and Nigeria’s turn

  42. That's why sacrifices are necessary because I am a useless person. I am a too lazy person because of my parents. I am a full term slacker too. It's irresponsible to overpopulate Earth. We all have to agree to start on that just to delay the overpopulation effect. Sucide booths will delay slowly, and the Purging delays way much more. I know volcano sacrifices are currently dead, but we are dealing with the consequences right now because of this Law. I deserve a citizenship sacrifice for myself unless if something changed me for the best.

    I don't think an anti-sucidal therapy would help because of my parents. I'm an autistic without any true friends nor jobs! I am too irresponsible for myself! I am ready for my own sacrifice, but I can't do it myself. An anti-sucidal therapy would make me feel like back to the things I've felt were. My stable aspect used to have a true female friend by my side just to help with my "responsibility" personality but it just faded away. I am feeling too unstable. That's why I'm saying that now. My new stable aspect I feel like being with innocent aliens with the same condition, but I highly doubt that there's nothing you can do to save me. I won't go to any sucide missions.

  43. Women are forced by males to CREATE WITHIN themselves as many babies as
    possible, as the Bible and the Koran does insist, that `GOD creates humans`,
    that a child is `a present from GOD`, and that every person got one single human
    life only, thus abortion is a SIN: Alike refusing to get pregnant again once more …

  44. Only people who think overpopulation is a huge problem types overpopulation and watch this video. The videos needs to go viral..

  45. so are those buttons functional or just purely decorative? his shirt is not opening but it doesn't look like the its the buttons making that happen

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