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Soil & Survival

Soil & Survival

Few things are more important than getting
enough to eat. Most in the developed world have little need
to worry, but because of a largely hidden danger, many could soon be dealing with the
realities of food shortages. The silent threat lurking in the shadows is
soil contamination and accelerated erosion. Without healthy soil, we can’t produce healthy food. In this episode we’ll examine some of the
challenges of this growing worldwide crisis as we look at soil and survival. With an eye on the human condition, this is Insight. A 2007 study by Cornell University suggested
that 6 out of 10 of the world’s population is malnourished, and the numbers are growing. Added to this, there are many more mouths to feed. The study said based on present growth rates,
the world population would double in just 58 years. While global population is on the increase,
available cropland for food production is shrinking. In 1960, with a global population of 3 billion,
there was approximately one half hectare or one and a quarter acres of cropland available
per person worldwide. The 2007 study revealed a decrease in the
world’s average per capita cropland. It had dropped by half or 40 percent of the
amount needed to support industrial nations’ standards. That’s to say, more mouths, less soil. In North America conservationists and secular
prophets have long warned of the perils of failing to renew and replace the soil from
which comes our vital food supply. In some parts of the Midwest the depth of
topsoil is remarkable. Yet due to modern farming practices, millions
of tons are washing down the Mississippi annually into the muddy Gulf of Mexico. Soil is being irretrievably lost at a rate the earth simply cannot replace in any meaningful time frame. It comes as no surprise to learn that China’s
land is suffering the effects of rapid modernization. In a study conducted between 2005 and 2013,
which was kept secret until recently, 16 percent of soil and almost 20 percent of arable land
in China was found to be contaminated. Abuse of topsoil today is largely the result of industrial pollution and overuse of agricultural chemicals. Historically it was because of poor land management
and harmful farming methods, including over-grazing, over-cropping, over-irrigating and failure
to restore soil fertility. But many of these causes continue today in the agribusiness world where short-term profits reign supreme. It’s been said that civilized man has marched
across the face of the earth and left a desert in his footprints. According to geologist David Montgomery, the
estimated rate of world soil erosion now exceeds new soil production by as much as
23 billion tons per year— an annual loss of not quite 1 percent of the world’s agricultural soil inventory. One percent per year might sound negligible,
but that means in 100 years there will be little or no topsoil left. How will we continue to feed the world’s population? It’s a global problem, yet the solution
is essentially local. The Bible reveals that the land is God’s
gift, a gift to humanity, and one to be treated by each person with respect and gratitude,
with care and conservation. “To the LORD your God belong heaven and
the heaven of heavens, the earth with all that is in it” (Deuteronomy 10:14). Is it too late to avert this pending crisis? For more on this important subject, search
this website for the key phrase “green and soil.” For Insight, I’m David Hulme.

1 thought on “Soil & Survival”

  1. Soil is amazing brown stuff, full of life when healthy.  We recently watched Deep Down and Dirty: The Science of Soil – "…the crops we eat, the animals we rely on, the very oxygen we breathe, all depend on the existence of the plant life that bursts from the soil every year".  The level of detail and intricacy in this dirty world of wonder is truly amazing. 

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