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Survival Tips That Could Save Your Life

Survival Tips That Could Save Your Life

– [Narrator] While we may not live in the Dark Ages any
longer or have to worry about the Black Plague
or pillaging bandits, that doesn’t mean we aren’t confronted with dangers every day. And as the Boy Scout motto reminds us, it’s good to always be prepared. So in this video, we count down 10 tips for surviving present-day situations. – Amazing. – [Narrator] Number 10, falling elevator. There is a special corner
of our collective neurosis for the fear of being trapped
in a falling elevator. The irony is that there has only ever been one recorded incident of a
runaway elevator in 1945, when a B-52 ran into the
Empire State Building, and one of its engines severed the cables, causing the elevator carriage
to plummet 75 floors. Short of freak plane
accidents, the chances of this happening are virtually impossible because of all the safety
features incorporated in the modern-day elevators. But that hasn’t stopped
Hollywood from capitalizing on the nightmare scenario. But, hypothetically
speaking, what would you do if your little box began to
plummet down a vertical shaft? Some physicists and
engineers have suggested that your best option is,
in fact, to lie down flat and spread-eagled on the elevator floor. This still presents dangers,
which includes the fact that the deceleration
of impact would cause significant damage to your soft organs, and that the floor of the
elevator could rupture and impale you instantly. Additionally, because
you’re in a free fall, it would be very difficult
to pull yourself flush with the floor anyway. But if there’s even the remotest chance of getting out alive, it’s
worth keeping in mind. Or you could just throw
the dice and hope to be as lucky as Betty Lou
Oliver, the elevator operator of that 1945 Empire State accident, who currently holds the
Guinness World Record for longest survived elevator fall. Number nine, heat escape
lessening posture. When it comes to survival,
one of the big factors outside of food, water
and shelter is warmth. Exposure to the elements
can change circumstances in an instant, turning a viable situation into a life or death struggle,
and especially being stranded in the water, hypothermia can kick in in as little as three minutes. That’s why many countries,
including Australia and Ireland actually include HELP, or the heat escape lessening
position as a mandatory part of any boating or lifesaving training. This position takes into account the fact that someone is wearing a
personal flotation device and involves wrapping your
arms around your torso and pulling your knees as far
up to your chest as possible. Hypothermia, in effect, shuts
down the body’s systems, and the HELP position is designed to trap as much body warmth near the
vital organs like the heart in order to maintain core
temperature until rescue arrives. Additionally, if you’re
in a group, do your best to cluster together and form a huddle, which will not only decrease heat loss, but also increase your visibility to possible boats and rescuers. Number eight, avoid the bystander effect. Have you ever seen footage of accidents or emergencies that
happen in crowded places? Chances are, there are a huge number of people simply standing
around doing nothing to help. And this psychological phenomenon
has interested researchers ever since the 1968
murder of Kitty Genovese, in which 38 witnesses saw her stabbed in front of her building
but didn’t do anything. The more bystanders there
are, the less likely any of them will be to step forward to help. And this has been attributed
to a number of factors, including a diffusion of responsibility, for everyone expects someone
else to step forward. This could be particularly dangerous in events where time is of the essence, such as someone drowning. So what’s the best way to
avoid the bystander effect? One study found that public
self-awareness actually reversed the effect, and a good way to
achieve this is to visualize different emergencies and
how you’d react in each. And while being aware of your state as a bystander may not save your own life, the more that the general public is aware of this phenomenon, the
better chance there is of someone stepping in to help you if you ever find yourself in trouble. A little psychological quid pro quo. Number seven, how to survive a riptide. Riptides are common natural
occurrences along shorelines, and generally involve an
intake or stream of water that flows away from the beach and out toward the sea or ocean. These can be caused when
there is a difference in wave heights that converge, or near sandbars where
there is a difference in pressure that creates a narrow funnel, but are often notoriously
difficult to spot. When a swimmer is sucked into a riptide, it can force them out into open water and may even be strong
enough to pull them under. In this case, conventional wisdom suggests that a swimmer should
try to avoid swimming back the way they’ve
come, since this will be against the current, and instead to focus on swimming parallel to the shoreline, where they can escape the riptide. However, one study out of
the Naval Postgraduate School by Jamie MacMahan actually discovered that upwards of 90% of
riptides are actually circular, meaning that there’s a
50 50 chance that even if you swim parallel to the shore, you’ll end up paddling
against the current. His suggestion? Allow the riptide to complete its cycle, a time period that’s roughly
in the range of three minutes, and it will return you to
the shore all on its own. However, there are often a
lot of other factors to take into consideration, including the fact that some riptides can pull
swimmers out past breakers. And even the U.S. Lifesaving
Association has neglected to incorporate this new information into their lifesaving training until more research can be done. So for now, swimming parallel
is the official line. Number six, wild animals. For outdoor enthusiasts, being
safe around wildlife is one of the most basic skills. And yet every year,
many people are injured and even killed in
dangerous confrontations. When dealing with bears, aversion is often the best strategy. This means avoiding a
confrontation in the first place, and includes storing your
food away from your camp site, making loud noises as you hike, and avoid bear cubs at all costs. However, if an encounter
does lead to an attack, it’s important to
differentiate between a grizzly or a common black bear. If a grizzly attacks defensively, most wildlife organizations suggest the cannonball position
tucked into the fetal position with your hands and
arms covering your neck, and to play dead. Grizzlies are comparably
larger and more territorial, but will relent and wander off if they don’t think you’re a threat. On the other hand, if it’s a black bear, and especially one that has
acclimated to human activity, this method won’t deter them, and it’s best to stand your
ground or try to retreat. If you think a bear is
attacking offensively, then attacking back or using a deterrent like a weapon or pepper spray is best. This is also the same
approach that they recommend for cougar attacks, which
are far more likely to occur as a result of being stalked. Number five, escaping a flooding car. We’re all familiar with iconic
stories of people sliding off a road into a river or a creek and getting stuck in their vehicle. And according to National Highway and Transportation Administration, nearly 400 people die every year as a result of becoming trapped because the water pressure
makes it practically impossible to open the door. Experts suggest that, on
average, you have less than a minute in which to escape. And in this space of time,
there are several key things you can do to increase
your chances of survival. First, unbuckle yourself
as quickly as possible. Next, avoid opening your door and instead roll your windows down. If you can’t get the window open, your only other option
is to wait for the car to fill up with water
or to break the glass. Letting the car fill up will
equalize the pressure inside and outside the car and
let you open the door. But this requires holding one’s breath, and is extremely dangerous. Breaking the window is much easier, and there are a number
of devices on the market. But if you’re stuck in a pinch, you can also take off
the detachable headrest of your seat and use the two metal prongs to knock out the glass. This involves jamming one of the pegs down in the slit where
the window retracts, and then prying the
headrest back toward you. This creates a lateral stress on the frame that will, at least in theory,
fracture the safety glass. Most windows are designed to withstand a perpendicular force, but will break if they are
stressed along their edge. Of course automobile manufacturers
are quick to point out that this is not the primary
function of headrests, so this is definitely a case
of necessity being the mother of invention. Number four, don’t turn your back. If you ever found yourself
faced with an armed opponent, or had a gun to your head,
most of us would like to think we’d have the frame of mind to act coolly and stay calm. But if you’re anything like me, chances are you’d lose
control of your bladder, and that’d be the highlight. Nevertheless, in such a scenario, one of the most important
things you can do is to face your adversary and
use psychology to your favor. Forcing eye contact
establishes a human connection, and will make it that much more difficult for someone to pull the trigger. Depending on the situation,
be it a hostage-taker, a bank robbery, or a
kidnapping, chances are they don’t want to shoot you,
or they already would have. Aside from remaining calm, many police officers suggest
telegraphing every movement by indicating out loud
what you’re going to do before you do it, and to keep them talking as much as possible. Number three, universal edibility test. Stuck in the wilderness with
dwindling food supplies? Don’t know which plants are good to eat? This is where the universal
edibility test comes into play. The basic premise involves first, sorting out a plant’s
parts according to stem, flower, rhizome, and to focus
on one piece at at time. If it smells bad, or if exposure to the skin produces
irritation, it may be toxic. If it passes, the next step is to boil it, take a small bite, and
wait 15 minutes to see if any symptoms appear. Although this method of trial
and error has been touted as a reliable measure by
many survival skills experts, and even the U.S. military, many point out that even the smallest
exposure to deadly plants like water hemlock can result
in serious injury or death. So this is definitely a last resort skill. Number two, gas attack. Strictly speaking, if there ever was an attack containing biological agents, unless you had a functioning gas mask, your chances of surviving are slim. That said, if you found
yourself without a mask, and if you knew precisely
what gas was being used, there is the infinitesimal
chance of scraping by if you were lucky enough and savvy enough to know what to do. In the event of a chlorine gas attack, you could do what soldiers
in World War I did. Urinate onto a handkerchief or other piece of absorbent fabric and breathe
through the moist membrane. The nature of chlorine, when exposed to the ammoniac compounds in
urine crystallizes the gas, but the overall effectiveness of this technique is debatable since chlorine is highly
reactive to ammonia, and can further produce toxic fumes. Another deadly gas is
sarin, and was famously used on Japanese commuter trains
in 1995 by religious radicals. The chemical affects the
degradation of acetylcholine in the body, and can lead to asphyxia. The treatment for exposure
to sarin is the administering of atropine, and thankfully
many plants contain trace amounts of atropine compounds, including deadly
nightshade, henbane, datura, jimson weed, and cannabis. The irony of countering
a poison gas attack by smoking up is real. Number one, how to break out of a ziptie. In the unlikely event that
you ever find yourself in a kidnapping or a hostage
situation, knowing how to get out of your bonds can be the matter between life and death. More and more police and military
organizations have turned to zipties, which are
easier to carry and lighter than handcuffs or cord. However, like duct tape,
zipties have an innate weakness, and that’s where the connectors are. The general method is to
flatten your palms together, position the connectors
in between your wrists, where the break will occur. Raise your arms high above your head, and then with a sharp
jerk, bring them down in front of you like
you’re chopping firewood. It’s very important to
keep your arms straight, so that you don’t hit your
hip bones with your elbows. But another method is to
bring your knee up, again, as if you’re trying to
snap a stick in half. You might end up with chafed wrists, but in a dangerous
situation with a captor, it can be a lot better
than the alternative. I hope you’ll never find
yourself in a situation that requires any of these tips. But when it comes down to
life or death decisions, the best thing you can do is be prepared and have the wherewithal to look at your situation logically and calmly. Can you think of any other survival tips we might have missed,
or anything you’d add to the ones we’ve covered? Let me know in the comments below. Also, if you enjoyed this video, make sure to leave it
a like and subscribe, clicking that bell icon to stay updated. Thanks for watching.

99 thoughts on “Survival Tips That Could Save Your Life”

  1. Kitty genovese did not die in front of 38 witnesses. The witnesses were created by a New York Times reporter who wanted to cash in on the crime. Ironically, this was a real-life example of “fake news” that everyone continues to believe.

  2. One time I was hiking during a blizzard at night in the Wasatch Mountains. Took me THREE HOURS to get a acceptable fire going. All I had at the time was a bic lighter, frozen wood and dead grass that poked out of the snow. There was so much mist and snow in the air that even toilet paper wouldn't combust. Now I take tiki oil if I'm hiking in the snow.

  3. Difficult thing with mountain lions is they often attack you from behind and will go for you neck. I would protect my neck and then quickly grab the ml's throat with my arms fully extended so the claws couldn't reach my face/neck. What ever happens don't get one of your digits caught in its mouth.

  4. What I learned from Top Gear is that you should immediately open the door if you crash in water. It's the easiest moment to open it. Richard Hammond actually did these tips on the show and when he waited for the car to fill, he would've had to hold his breathe for 2 minutes which most people can't do. You can find this on YouTube if you look up BBC Top Gear.
    I've also learned that if you are zip tied on your wrists then if you try to do that method, you're more likely to break your wrists if you don't use enough force.

  5. What to do in s fire? How to get children and s baby out. I was told you could put a baby inside a duvet cover and lower them down, is this the best thing to do?

  6. 3:00, this actually is incorrect. there were only 2 witnesses, and those 2 witnesses DID call the police, but the police arrived late and used that "38 witness" thing as an excuse so people don't lose trust with the government.

  7. It was a B25!!  not a B52…. the incident was 1945. the B52, is produced in 1952. and runaway Elevators accurs every time

  8. I just wanted to say..

    If you encounter a bear try hiding behind a tree.

    If the bear finds you go back and forth around the tree.

    If thr bear does not get stumped but madder, climb up the tree.

    Climbing up the tree and waiting for the bear to go away will take very very long, unless you are lucky and the bear leaves you alone after a few.

  9. The problem with trying to break out of zipties that military or police carry, is that the ones they use are huge. They aren't small like the ones demonstrated in this video

  10. I feel like these things should be taught in school. I feel like we as species are ridiculously unprepared to deal with the world we live in and sadly the determining factor for whether or not we would survive a life-threatening situation ends up being us happening upon a random YouTube video…

  11. That riptide advice is waaaaaay off, one study doesn’t overturn proven fact that you’re more likely to survive a riptide by swimming out of the current than trying to swim against or let it drag you out (check out the rnli, or any reputable coastguard)

    That sort of misleading fact could literally get people killed, just for the sake of an entry in this vid, ridiculous

  12. #8 – Specifically, you are suppose to look a single person in the eye, point and say help. Study showed almost everybody helped.

  13. I heard about that case on ID, that made no sense because 30 people could over power one man, supposedly one did yell out and he ran off and then when she got to an apartment, the stabber followed her to proceed his action and someone looked out but didn't help due to him being slightly intoxicated and was easily intimidated because of that

  14. Also I've been told that keeping a picture of your family in a visible part of your wallet may help in de- escalating the situation where a gun is pulled on you. Always look them in the eye, even if they tell you to close your eyes or turn around. If they ask you for this they are probably trying to dehumanize you to pull the trigger. Having a picture of family will make it harder aswell. Of course, none of these work if they are on drugs or are a psycho.

  15. btw if you brake the window then you do know that the pressure of the water will cause the brokes glasses to come towards you

  16. Scary shit, I just had a nightmare about a elevator last night… You ever have one of those dreams were you do this jump or tense twitch whenever you die or something physical in the dream hits you?

  17. Saw a program where they tested the 'get out of car in water' .. and what they found was that opening the door immediately is the best way to get out. Opening the window should also work .. but waiting until the pressure is equal is risky (and once too much of the door is covered you may be stuck) and may take too much time since the car has to be filled. So.. Opening the doors as soon as you humanly can once the car has hit the water.. gives on the best possible chance of survival.

  18. Dude are you for real? Are you aware of what your saying about a B-52 slamming on the Empire State building really? All this time, I thought it was a B-25 Mitchell bomber then again B-52 didn't exist in 1945. Get your stories straight.

  19. Wait a second….a b52 hit the Empire State building and it didn't fall? Or make any other buildings fall? AMAZING!

  20. A recommendation: Please change the voice of "Be Amazed" it's grating uncomfortable non appealing and off – putting. Thank you.

  21. aha…so if that's how you define dark ages…we still pretty much live in them. The pest still exists…and especially in the USA youll find HORDES of pillaging bandits.

  22. Well, if you have a plastic bag or bottle in the car, you can use it to hold air for you to breathe, when your car is underwater. Then you can open the door when the pressure equalizes. Sort of like an air bladder or scuba tank. And nowadays, most people do carry bottles of water in their car, whether it's empty or full.

  23. Biggest myth to wait until car fills up with water and pressure equalizes. According to laws of physics it should work, however anyone who works around cars will tell you different. Get out as soon as you can using windows.

  24. For the black bear find a weapon and fight back hitting the bear repeatedly this will make the black bear leave as they tend to go for easy prey that they don’t have to work hard for

  25. Here’s a tip I learned after a house fire

    If a fire starts in one room close the door. Fire needs oxygen to keep going, the smoke will put it out. Also close basement and attic doors, that is where it will spread if the door is shut because it will travel the wall.

  26. Fire extinguishers offer great smoke screens if you need cover. If wrists are taped together, tie your shoes together, put the tape firmly against the laces and start running the laces against the tape quickly. The friction from the fabric of the laces will melt through the tape. To add to the one with the sinking car, if the car has spun around and you don't know which way is up blow a small bit of air and track the direction of the bubbles because they will always float up. If your boat is sinking and you must abandon ship, try taking a piece of mirror with you. If a search helicopter flies above you in the day time point the glass at the sun and rotate it slightly in your fingers to create a light bulls eye from the ground. Yelling obviously won't do anything with how high it is and the loud motor and waving is not as noticeable as a flickering light. Also if you are in salt water, take a container and put another one in the middle and cover that with plastic wrap. Put the salt water in the outer container and put a weight on the wrap to make the wrap sag towards the middle. As the salt water evaporates, the droplets rise leaving the salt behind to the wrap. Then, gravity makes the droplets slide down towards the isolated center container and as more drops go to a spot the drop gets larger and heavier until it drops into the isolated center. If you are in a fire if you go to the elevators (not getting in one) there will be a floor map posted that you can take a picture of on your phone. Also, if you can get a pack of post it notes each time you turn stick one on the wall from where you came from so if you need to quickly back track in a panic you can easily know where you came from. If someone is at risk of bleeding out and need to stop it you can create a tourniquet by taking a strap upstream from the cut and doing a square knot, then take something like a pen and put the center of it in and complete the square knot. Then, twist the pen around 180 degrees to cut off blood flow. Then, tuck the pen in to make sure it does not get undone, once a tourniquet is applied, it does not come off. Once it has been applied blood cells below it have died and if it is loosened up then the dead blood cells are carried to the heart which puts the person at a high risk of cardiac arrest. This is a last resort because there is a very high chance of loss of limb, but if the bleeding is bad enough loss of a limb is much better than loss of life.

  27. I love that you have a picture of the bridge that fell a few years back in Mount Vernon/ burlington Washington. I see that bidge out my window every day. I was there when it fell. It was crazy.

  28. I hope I have some popcorn and something good to drink because you know what your damn right I’m just gonna by a bystander. Why would I want to get stab for someone who I don’t know

  29. Nope this is poorly investigated – there have been many faulty elevators decapitating people, dropping to the floor killing people, Im not guessing, these guys are.

  30. Here in Australia 🇦🇺 us beach lovers🏖 have been teaching our kids for many years to ‘go with the rip’ as it will eventually dump you back closer to shore some way further down the beach 🏝 🦈

  31. I lived near a plant that used Chlorine so I got a pair of gas mask with spare filters in case we had to bug out. Where Amazon of all places.

  32. Another great segment I just wanted to add something if you ever need to get on a real handcuffs you don't need a key or a pic you need old fashioned click pen you break off the metal clip that goes on your pocket grind flat down on the ground and you shim it in between where the handcuffs clothes were the little gear teeth are and it'll pass between them and then the slip open I've watched this on many things and tried it myself it works and I have a real set of cop cuffs

  33. if your stranded in the woods know where you are if you know the direction of landmarks or rivers or areas with people, use the sun to get a sense of direction and head towards those directions. if you have no idea which way to go start walking in a random directions but keep the sun on either your right or left side so you stay following the right direction. dont worry about finding food first you can go 3 weeks without food, when nighttime comes build a simple lean too shelter, and place logs and hay on the ground so you can sleep at least 6" or 20cm above the ground because the ground sucks all your body temp away. keep walking until you follow water. if you find a stream follow it downstream to a river, if you find a river follow upstream if in a desert climate cause downstream will dry up… if in a normal climate follow the river upstream to find people. always strain your water through a piece of cloth or your sock and boil if possible. you can make fires hundreds of ways google how to make an easy fire from nature only, and practice It. when walking through the woods make plenty of noise to ward off animals. if you see a bear, dont run if it's a brown bear play dead if it attacks its it black stay still dont run or move if it attacks fight back. before you start walking find a nice walking stick to help reduce fatigue and can also be sharpened on a rock to be used as a makeshift spear or blunt weapon. you can eat leaves of four or more never eat in groups of 3. dont eat berries that grow in clusters of less than 4 only eat berries if clusters of 6 or more. if curious if a plant is poisonous try and wait and see if an animal eats it, or if theirs evidence of animals foraging in the past. if you think its edible start off eating a small amount wait 20mins eat more wait 20 mins eat more and if your still fine after an hour eat as much as you want. if foods low dont rule out eating animals or bugs you need all the energy for survival. always svagene any materials or tools you may have near you before you walk in the woods for help, like if your car breaks or airplane wrecks theirs many good things you can scavenge and find that will help you. hope this helps, btw I'm a survival expert lol sorry for my english it my 4th language

  34. i am well familiar with the bystander effect, one such case in everyday life is when somebody is trying to get onto the buss but nobody else says or notices, so jump up from your seatand tell the person, or shout if you are close

  35. It would end badly if the zip tie was too thick. Scaring a bear or mountain lion / cougar is much easier and more effective than anything else. This was an interesting video, that brought up interesting concerns. The likelyhood of needing to use a peed-on handkerchief for mustard gas is zero for most people, or dealing with a wild animal that wants to kill you… close-to zero % chance of viewers ACTUALLY experience this.
    And in those zero to one scenarios, these solutions for dealing with them don't explain clearly what to do. This whole video needs a bit more insight, or it needs to be less misleading. Either way, this felt like click bait.

  36. How to survive the demons watching me from the corner of my room because I'm watching this set 5:03 a.m. in the morning

  37. I was walking up an access road to some rural land in the Autumn when a black bear stepped out from the side of the road and turned to face me. I was wearing a light jacket. I stood on tip toe and spread the sides of the jacket up and out. The bear turned and ran away. These bears are near sighted so if you're carrying something hold it over your head. Anything to make you look bigger. A friend, in a similar situation, hit the bear on the nose with his walking stick. Bears are interested in something to eat, not a confrontation

  38. wait so you said the only recorded case for an elevator fall was back in 1945, and then you said that Betty was the world record holder for surviving the longest elevator fall. Would she be the only person to ever survive since it has only happened once?

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