Our world has never been more interconnected,
and with about 100,000 flights a day moving people from continent to continent, it’s easier
than ever for things like diseases to spread. During the black plague the most hard-hit
areas of europe were the busy urban centers, full of residents intermingling with visitors
from strange lands, while the rural parts of Europe were relatively safe from pandemic. In today’s world however not even the most
rural areas of our world are safe anymore should a global pandemic hit, and if that
pandemic happens to be a zombie apocalypse, it’s safe to say that no one, anywhere is
safe anymore. Hello and welcome to another Challenge episode
of The Infographics Show- today we’re going to show you how to survive a zombie apocalypse. Deep in the jungles of South America, a scientist
is studying a family of fungi from the genus Ophiocordyceps. Known as the zombie ant fungi, these fungi
infect the brains of ants and hijack their nervous system to force them to climb up higher
in vegetation. Once sufficiently high up, the ant dies and
spores burst out of the zombified ant to rain down on its brethren below, therefore continuing
its life cycle. It’s a terrifying prospect, and as the scientist
turns in for the night he feels a bit ill. The next day his symptoms become worse and
he is flown back to the US for treatment at a hospital. Whatever is making the scientist ill is progressing
rapidly, shutting down the parts of his brain responsible for higher thinking. Days later, the scientist is under careful
observation as he’s become prone to mindless violent rages, and suddenly he pulls against
his restraints in yet another attack of uncontrollable fury. Deep inside the scientist’s brain are Ophiocordyceps
spores- while mammals are typically immune to the fungus, a freak evolutionary glitch
has caused the fungus to attack human brain cells in the same way it attacks the nervous
system of an ant. The zombie spores have overridden many of
the brain’s higher functions, including the natural inhibition our brains place on our
muscles so that we don’t overstrain ourselves. With a savage roar, the scientist tears free
of his restraints, his strength magnified by his brain’s inability to regulate his muscles
against over-exertion and self-harm. The security staff immediately leap onto the
enraged scientist, but as more and more personnel pile onto the unnaturally strong and aggressive
scientist, small packet of spores that have grown just under his skin suddenly burst,
releasing Ophiocordyceps spores into the air. With a groan the scientist dies, and the security
staff coughs involuntarily as they are enveloped by the cloud of spores. Sound far-fetched? It is, but what’s important to remember is
that far-fetched doesn’t mean impossible in nature. Evolution is a process that is fueled by random
mutation and genetic ‘mistakes’, which time leads species down divergent paths. The previous scenario may be far-fetched indeed,
but you should be aware that it is by no means impossible that a fungus which previously
relied on ants to propagate itself could one day via random mutation attack human brains. So let’s say that we all lost the evolutionary
lottery and a deadly fungus which zombifies its victims has adapted to infect human brains-
how in the world are you going to survive it? First you’re going to have to establish some
priorities and split them up into near-term survival and long-term survival. We’ll start with everything you need for near-term
survival first. Your immediate concern is obviously going
to be to get to a safe area- this means leaving city centers. For the first time in human history more people
live in urban centers than in rural areas, and this has led to the greatest change in
the human condition since the advent of agriculture. We are now having to learn how to live together
in giant melting pots of different ideas, creeds, and races, and cooperate for the common
good. While previously you could live in a small
town with few foreigners and even fewer people who thought differently than you, nowadays
most of us wake up in bustling cities full of millions of people who could be nothing
like us. As our recent history has shown, this has
been a bit of a challenging situation for us to adapt to as a species. Today that melting pot of humanity is your
worst nightmare, because every city is going to turn into a giant zombie buffet, and your
highest priority is to avoid being the main course. The first thing you need to do is identify
an escape route out of your city, and gather a basic survival kit that you can carry on
your back. Taking a car is likely not going to get you
very far as traffic backs up in the mad rush out of the cities, so be sure to travel light
enough that you can ditch your vehicle and proceed on foot if you have to. In your survival kit you’re going to want
non-perishable food items, enough for at least a week. You’re going to be scavenging for the first
few months, and luckily our consumer culture leaves plenty of great scavenging options
for the average person. Also to your advantage is the fact that the
number of people still alive is going to drop pretty precipitously in the first week of
the zombie apocalypse, so sharing will quickly become less and less of an issue. Things like canned foods are great items to
be picking up, as are pasta that can be made with some boiling water over a campfire. Don’t overlook your basic dietary needs though
and be sure you grab nuts if you can as well, your diet is going to become very nutritionally
deficient and nuts are full of vitamins and minerals that you might be lacking if all
you do is load up on Chef Boyardee cans. Picking up a few cases of multivitamins is
a good idea too- with our modern diets multivitamins are largely useless placebos for most people,
a fact that the nutritional supplement companies literally bank on, but with your diet becoming
severely restricted in the coming weeks, you will actually be in need of a nutritional
boost. If you can get them though, then by far the
best food items to get your hands on are going to be military MREs, or Meal-Ready-to-Eat. These meals are specifically designed to cover
the nutritional needs of an adult human engaged in very strenuous physical exercise. Jam packed with vitamins, minerals, and calories,
MREs are the perfect survival meal, and over the years have even become somewhat palatable! Along with food you’re going to want to make
sure you carry with you a few gallons of water, refilling every chance you get. In most places bottled water shouldn’t be
difficult to find, and depending on what type of energy your city uses you might even have
tap water available for a few weeks to months. Areas serviced by nuclear power plants for
example could expect to still have power available for months, possibly even years barring any
natural disasters. You’re also going to want to make sure you
can get clean drinking water from the environment though, and a trip to any military surplus
store is bound to fetch you plenty of options from sanitizing pills to straws with filters
built in. Worse come to worse though, you can always
make a homemade filter using rocks, sand, and some charcoal. Simply cut a small hole at the bottom of a
plastic bag, and then stack the following in layers at the bottom of the bag: rocks,
sand, charcoal, sand, rocks. The water will filter through the layers of
rock, sand, and charcoal and come out relatively clean through the bottom hole. It’s not perfect though so be smart about
where you get your water from, avoid stagnant, or still water at all costs. Odds are though that your delicate little
First World digestive tract is going to take time to adjust to not drinking fluoridated
and filtered city tap water, so expect to get sick and to get sick often. Diarrhea will be a constant threat, so be
sure you continue hydrating yourself- diarrhea can be surprisingly lethal in survival situations
simply because it voids the body of great quantities of water. Remember, you can live for weeks without food,
but only about three days without water. Next you’re going to want to think about self-defense,
but don’t go running to your local gun store just yet. In a zombie apocalypse do you really think
you’re going to be the only person to get that brilliant idea? Best to avoid gun stores full of angry and
scared looters, and instead for the time being grab something at hand from around the house. A baseball bat will do, along with a good,
stout kitchen knife for getting up close and personal. Eventually you’re going to want to get your
hands on some firearms of course, but wait until you come across one in your travels
in a more rural area, or simply loot one from the dead. Rushing off to your local gun store at the
first sign of trouble is only going to be a great way to get your head blown off by
the gun store owner, or any of the hundreds of people who all had the same idea you did. Once you’re able to get your hands on a firearm
though, carefully consider exactly what type of weapon you want to carry with you. You’re going to be traveling on foot, and
firearms along with their associated ammunition can really weigh you down- so forget any video
game fantasies of carrying an arsenal of weapons on your back. You’re going to want the right tools for the
job, or at least to match your environment. Always try and keep a handgun on your person
at all times as a backup weapon, 9 millimeter side arms are easy to use, have low recoil,
and are perfect for both gun newbies and experienced shooters. If you find yourself in an urban environment,
arm yourself with a good 12 gauge shotgun. Its low spread makes it effective at moderate
distances, and yet doesn’t require much accurate shooting to put a target down. Its incredible stopping power will ensure
any charging zombies are neutralized in one blast, something which will be vital if you’re
fighting in close quarters against one or more hostile zombies. If you find yourself in wide open spaces such
as the wilderness though, you’re largely going to want to avoid a fight, but when it comes
for you you’re going to want long-range accuracy so you can drop any approaching zombies long
before they get to you. A standard .308 hunting rifle is a great choice,
and as one of the most popular cartridges in America, you’re bound to come across plenty
of ammo and replacement rifles if need be. You might be thinking to yourself that the
more firepower the better, and generally this is tough to argue against. But remember- the zombies outnumber you by
a lot, you’re not going to want to be doing much fighting and want to instead stay light
on your feet. Also, despite what hollywood would have you
believe, headshots are not vital to stopping a zombie in its tracks. If you shatter a zombie’s spine with a well-placed
9mm round that zombie is going to crumple like a stack of sad pancakes. Undead or not, everything that walks, runs,
or crawls relies on a skeletal system to support itself. A zombie that can’t stand up is just as good
as a zombie that’s dead. So you’ve got your food, some self-defense
tools, and water taken care of- now it’s time to start thinking about long-term survival. At first as you flee the city it would be
a good idea to identify if possible any Federal Emergency Response zones- these are areas
specifically designated by the federal government as response zones for staging any rescue or
disaster relief efforts, and are typically located in geologically stable mass transportation
hubs near major cities. If you live in Los Angeles, your nearest FER
is going to be Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, though for most other places around the country
they tend to be at or near military bases. One of these safe areas is going to be a great
place to make your first pit stop to, as there will be military and federal personnel there
that can offer temporary safety and supplies. However, beware the growing numbers of people
who are going to be attracted to these beacons of safety, because not only are they going
to be attracting an even greater number of hungry zombies, but they will quickly overwhelm
and exhaust all available supplies. You want to make sure you get there first,
get some critical survival supplies, and then make your way to safety elsewhere. But where exactly do you go when the world
is under zombie attack? That’s actually pretty simple, and it boggles
our minds here at The Infographics Show how no television shows, movies, or comic books
have ever figured it out. Just go north, as far north as you can possibly
get. But why north? Well, here’s where we have an experiment for
you. Go ahead and buy a fresh steak from your local
supermarket, then bring it home and pop it into the freezer for an hour. After that hour is up, we want you to take
that steak out of the freezer and try to bend it. We think some of you see where we’re going
with this already. Exposed flesh does very poorly in bitterly
cold temperatures, and dead, frozen flesh is not going to be doing much of anything
except freezing solid. As soon as the first snowfall hits, zombies
trying to follow survivors up north into the cold weather are going to start becoming immobilized
popsicles, and then survival becomes a simple matter of not freezing to death yourself. No need to fear zombies who literally can’t
move anymore- we wonder how short The Walking Dead would have been if all the characters
had just moved to Montana. Once the zombies are frozen stiff it’s a simple
matter of waiting until springtime. If you’ve ever seen what happens to rotten
meat after a long time then you know that dead meat plus moisture typically leads to
a mushy, smelly mess. But what if the zombies are not undead, but
still alive like in our opening scenario? Well, in that case then all you have to really
do is spend a few years up north where zombies who aren’t smart enough to put on parkas are
going to freeze to death. In time you’ll be able to lead humanity back
into the warmer climates to reclaim civilization for the survivors- but don’t expect some epic
showdown against hordes of zombies. Fact is, most zombies will be long dead before
you mount any sizable resistance, and the killers will be: wild animals. When you think about it humans are terribly
designed for battling it out with wild animals- we don’t have claws or sharp teeth and we’re
not particularly strong or fast, in fact we’re really only a threat versus ourselves. Over time wild animals such as wolves, coyotes,
bears, cougars, and the like are going to gorge themselves on all the walking meat,
which won’t be able to do much to protect itself from an animal attack. Zombies, like primitive humans, are going
to be sitting smack-dab at the bottom of the food chain, so in truth a zombie apocalypse
would probably be better known as a revenge of the animals. How would you survive a zombie apocalypse? Let us know in the comments! And as always if you enjoyed this video don’t
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