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The Power of belief — mindset and success | Eduardo Briceno | TEDxManhattanBeach

The Power of belief — mindset and success | Eduardo Briceno | TEDxManhattanBeach

Translator: asma youssef
Reviewer: Denise RQ What do you think is the key
to achieve our goals, our success? Some people suggest things
like hard work, focus, persistence. But research shows these are
all by-products of something else, something much more powerful
that we can all develop. It is this very special something
that is really critical to success, and is what I am here
to discuss with you today. Someone who has achieved
great success is Josh Waitzkin, a chess international master
and the subject of the movie “Searching for Bobby Fischer”. Nobody has won all the national chess
championships that Josh has. But even more impressive,
when he turned 21, he took on the challenge
of mastering something completely new and very different from chess:
martial arts. He realized that he had learned
how to grow and succeed, and he could apply
that understanding to other domains. And so, he devoted himself
relentlessly to tai chi chuan. And after lots of hard work,
many failures, and some broken joints, he became a great martial artist,
and he won two world championships. Now he is off to jiu-jitsu. So what does Josh say is
the greatest thing ever happened to him? Believe it or not, he says, “Losing
my first national chess championship, because it helped me avoid
many of the psychological traps.” The key trap that Josh avoided
was believing that he was special, that he was smarter than other people,
and that he didn’t have to work hard. He could have thought
of himself as a prodigy, but he doesn’t think
that he has extraordinary intelligence. He says, “The moment we believe that success is determined
by an ingrained level of ability, we will be brittle
in the face of adversity.” Josh often quotes
Stanford Professor Carol Dweck who discovered that some people
see intelligence or abilities as fixed what is called a fixed mindset, while other people see them as Josh does, as qualities that can be developed;
a growth mindset. More important, Dr. Dweck discovered
that these two different mindsets lead to very different
behaviors and results. In a study she did
with Dr. Lisa Blackwell, several hundreds seventh graders
were surveyed to determine which mindset each student had,
and then they were tracked for two years. Results showed that the students
with a growth mindset, those who thought
they could change their own intelligence increased their grades over time. While those with a fixed mindset did not. You can see the trend,
the gap in performance just widens and widens over time. The difference between these two groups:
a different perspective on intelligence. Other studies have shown similar effects
for our mindset about other abilities like problem solving,
playing sports, managing people, or anything else you’d like,
dancing La Macarena. The key to success is not
simply effort, or focus, or resilience, but it is the growth mindset
that creates them, the mindset itself is critical. Research shows that when we directly
try to build grit or persistence, it’s not nearly as effective as addressing
the mindset that underlies them. How many of us think of ourselves
as not math people, or creative, or sociable, or athletic,
or conversely, that we are naturals? If we are to fulfill our potential,
we have to start thinking differently. We have to realize we are not chained
to our current capabilities. Neuroscience shows
the brain is very malleable. And we can change our own ability
to think and to perform. In fact, many of the most
accomplished people of our era were thought of, by experts,
to have no future. People like Charles Darwin, Lucille Ball,
Marcel Proust, and many others. But they, along with all great achievers
from Mozart to Einstein, built their abilities. But the key insight I would like you
to walk away with today is that when we realize that, when we realize we can change
our own abilities, when we have a growth mindset,
we bring our game to new levels. So how does a growth mindset do that? It turns out that there are
physiological manifestations to mindset. Brain scans show
that for people with a fixed mindset, the brain becomes most active
when receiving information about how the person performed
such as a grade or a score. But for people with a growth mindset,
the brain becomes most active when receiving information about
what they could do better next time. In other words, people with a fixed mindset
worry the most about how they are judged, while those with a growth mindset
focus the most on learning. There are other consequences of mindset: people with a fixed mindset
see effort as a bad thing, something that only people
with low capabilities need, while those with a growth mindset
see effort as what makes us smart, as the way to grow. And when they hit a set back or a failure, people with a fixed mindset tend
to conclude that they are incapable. So to protect their ego,
they lose interest or withdraw. We observe that as lack of motivation. But behind it is a fixed mindset, whereas people with a growth mindset understand that set backs
are part of growth. So when they hit one,
they find a way around it. Like Josh Waitzkin did when he lost
in chess or in martial arts. Research clearly shows
these effects of mindset. In one study Dr. Dweck did
with Dr. Claudia Mueller, they had children do a set of puzzles, and then they praised the kids. To some of the kids, they said, “Wow, that’s a really good score,
you must be smart at this.” That’s fixed mindset praise because it portrays intelligence
or abilities as a fixed quality. To other kids they said, “Wow, that’s a really good score,
you must have tried really hard.” That’s growth mindset praise
because it focuses on the process. Then, they asked the kids, “OK, what kind of puzzle would you like
to do next? An easy one or a hard one?” The majority of the kids
who received the fixed mindset praise chose to do the easy puzzle. While the great majority of those
who received the growth mindset praise chose to do challenge themselves. Then the researchers gave
a hard puzzle to all of the kids because they were interested in seeing what confronting difficulty would do
to their performance. Look at what happened
when the kids later went back to the set of easier problems
that they started with. The kids who received
the fixed mindset praise did significantly worse
than they had originally, while those who received
a growth mindset praise did better. And to top it off, at they very end, kids were asked
to report their scores; and the kids who received
the fixed mindset praise lied about their scores
over three times more often than those who received
the growth mindset praise. They did not have another way
to cope with their failure. The difference between these two groups: one short little sentence. How often do we praise kids for being
smart or for being great at something? We have been told
that this will raise their self-esteem. But instead, it puts them
in a fixed mindset. They become afraid of challenges, and they lose confidence
when things hit hard. As Josh Waitzkin says, “It is incredibly important for parents
to make their feedback process related as oppose to praising
or criticizing talent. If we win because we are winners, then when we lose,
it must make us losers.” These studies show not only the mechanisms
by which mindset affects performance, but they also show something
else that is very important: they show that we can change mindsets, and that’s important, because most of us
have fixed mindsets about something. Another study that showed
that we can change mindsets is one in which Dweck and Blackwell
did a workshop with seventh graders to instill a growth mindset in them. As a result of the workshop, the students
gained more interest in learning, and they worked harder; and as a result of that,
their grades improved. Other studies have shown
that when we teach a growth mindset, not only that it improves achievements
for students as a whole but it also narrows the achievement gap, because the effects are most pronounced for the students
who face negative stereotypes such as minority students,
and girls in math. I have spoken mostly about children,
but mindsets affects all of us. In our work places, managers with fixed
mindsets don’t welcome feedback as much, and they don’t mentor employees as much. And employees with growth mindsets about specific skills like negotiations become far better at those skills
than people with fixed views. Mindsets can even help us
solve big social issues. A recent study showed that when we expose
Israelis and Palestinians to the idea that groups can change, they increase their attitudes
towards towards one another, they improve them. and they enhance their willingness
to compromise and to work for peace. We also see the effects of mindsets
on relationships, sports, health. How is it possible that as a society, we are not asking schools to develop
a growth mindset in children? Our myopic efforts
to teach them facts, concepts, and even critical critical thinking skills is likely to fail, if we don’t also deliberately teach them
the essential beliefs that will allow them to succeed not only in school
but also beyond. There is a lot that we can do
to change mindsets, but here are three things that any of us
can do to instill a growth mindset in ourselves and in those around us. First, recognize that the growth mindset
is not only beneficial but it is also supported by science. Neuroscience shows that the brain
changes and becomes more capable when we work hard to improve ourselves. Second, learn and teach others
about how to develop our abilities. Learn about deliberate practice
and what makes for effective effort. When we understand
how to develop our abilities, we strengthen our conviction
that we are in charge of them. And third, listen
for your fixed mindset voice, and when you hear it,
talk back with a growth mindset voice. If you hear, “I can’t do it,” add, “Yet.” My request to you today
is that you share this knowledge about the growth mindset
with your family, friends, and schools so that all of us can go
and fulfill our potential. Thank you. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “The Power of belief — mindset and success | Eduardo Briceno | TEDxManhattanBeach”

  1. I feel like everyone who thumbs downed give up on most things they aren't naturally awesome at. Good luck!

  2. Incredible idea. Incredibly delivered. Incredible meaning bringing about good consequences. Incrediblely coherently delivered. So good consequences as well

  3. Wow!!. Who goes so deep into research ? That's amazing.. I never learnt this at school or college.. this is truly amazing!

  4. Belief is the most powerful tool towards the accomplishment of goals and dreAms – in fact as it says in the bible, everything becomes possible for the one who believes. How awesome

  5. How incredibly interesting!! Teachers and parents of little kids should really know this. Our schools in the US could most definitely use this skill to encourage properly so that we produce scholars, like Asian countries do, with half the resources & funds.
    "Well done", instead of "You're so smart", sends a message of achievement after doing, while the later (which is encouraged in our schools) should actually be discouraged. VERY educational indeed!!

  6. Growth mindset= believing in yourself, that you have the potential to succeed.

    Fixed mindset = not believing in yourself, believing that you are not capable.

  7. People having belief in fixed mindset or god gifted kind perception and alongside also believe him/ herself genius will find their limits until their 1st encounter of failure but growth mindset will try harder and push the limit because they believe that there is no limit as such , it is just proportional to your input in terms of mindset, belief perseverance, hard work and time that translates into success

  8. This is a great talk. It’s basically summarizing the book Mindset. Not trying to be sarcastic or anything but it’s great to know how easily anyone can do Ted Talk by summarizing a book.

  9. I was fascinated by this video till you mentioned compromise between Palestine and Israel, Israel stole the land they should get out, NO COMPROMISE, get your history straight…

  10. lesson learned: fixed mindset people will focus on how they are judge while the growth mindset ones will prefer how they can be better for the next time

  11. … negatives stereotypes such as minority students and girls in maths ! i ve a problem with this and with the society culture ! girls in math!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  12. I absolutely agree that a fixed mindset will contribute to failure. Especially in college, you’re surrounded by people who are smarter than you and possibly learn faster than you. If you continue to think that something about you is special then you can’t learn from the people around you. This goes very well with another TED talk about grit. Both encourage a student to accept their failure and not stop, but to keep on pushing. With a mindset of being special compared to everyone else, you think that you’re set apart. When really you need to allow your actions to set you apart in a positive way.

  13. Had the fixed mindset… Started working on developing the growth mindset and so far, it's totally paying of GREATLY! Thanks for this video!!!

  14. Nice, this moment we believe that success ditermined by an ingrained level of ability,we will be battle in the face of adversity,belief behavior, results,fixed mindset growth mindset,you must have tired really hard,If we win because we are winners, then when we lose it must make us losers

  15. Winners train, losers complain.” “Failure defeats losers but inspires winners.history is written by winners

  16. i'm unfortunate to have parents who criticize my grades and career goals anything related to school since i was a baby. i guess they hoped or thought it would make me some kind of genius in school and work harder but it only made me lose so much confidence and now i feel damaged and broken. not to be so dramatic but i feel like a big part of my life i've been treated like a failure. takes a toll on a young persons mind
    i just graduated from college but im finally trying to do what i want to do and not my parents demands (: hope its not too late to see what i can do in life.

  17. This is so true! I’ve always been told I was born smart, and got through high school with flying colors but when it comes to classes where I have to put effort and “work” for it, I tend to be less successful. Now that I am aware how much that hindered my growth, I will teach my children that you aren’t born smart, you have to work hard for it because eventually those that work hard will surpass you.

  18. Buenísimo…aprendí un montón, me hizo reflexionar sobre mi papel de madre y profesora. Gracias

  19. Everytime my oldest gets frustrated because she can't do something I always answer "YET". "You can't do it yet so let's try harder". It's amazing how those 3 letters can motivate you to do it again and again and again until you get it right. I've seen it with my kids. It REALLY works

  20. Growth mindset is very biblical Jeremiaih says we will be like a tree planted by the rive and you will grow and bear fruit. this Idea is all through the Bible. Me being a teacher and a pastor I love this idea and have been using it for a year or so.

  21. 6:23
    So the researchers promised an easy puzzle but presented a hard one. It could have tainted the research, as the kids did not expect to have to work hard on the puzzle. No surprise the difficulty undermined their performance if they had been told it would be easy. Just saying.

  22. FYI, If you enjoyed this talk, I would highly suggest reading the source material, "Mindset: The New Psychology of Success" by Dr Carol Dweck. She spent years studying the effects of the mindsets in different groups in the world, and her research is presented wonderfully in this short book.

  23. 1. Growth Mindset
    CEO in Micromax
    After 5 yrs CEO in Samsung.
    After 10yrs CEO in Google.
    2. Fixed Mindset
    Employee in Tata Motors
    After 20 yr employee in Tata Motors
    Retired as employee of Tata Motors

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