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This Is The Only Place Antimatter Can Survive In The Universe

This Is The Only Place Antimatter Can Survive In The Universe


The whole world, nay the whole universe is
made of matter. Everything. You, me, pizza, black holes, puppies, dark
matter. Everything. But there’s also this lil’ thing called
antimatter. Around the turn of the last century, Einstein
was working on the theory of relativity and other physicists were trying to figure out
how the tiniest parts of our universe worked — this is called quantum theory. This was all done with math. Lots of math. At one point a physicist named Paul Dirac
realized… X-squared equals 4 has two answers. Two. AND Negative two. This means, if matter is the two, there must
be some kind of opposite to fit with the negative two. Physicists called this opposite antimatter. The reason you don’t see antimatter around,
is because if it were to pop into existence and hit regular matter — the twos would cancel
each other out and disappear in a burst of energy called an annihilation. You probably know that all matter is made
of protons and electrons… their antimatter opposites are called antiprotons and positrons. A proton is a positive heavy particle — an
antiproton is a negative heavy particle. Electrons are light and negative, positrons
are light and positive. Again, because of their opposite-ness, if
they touch, BOOM. Gone. But we’ll come back to that. Even though they have these opposite charges…
in theory, antimatter should be the same as matter. After The Big Bang, the universe should have
created equal amounts of matter and antimatter. But there’s not really any antimatter around. Because, in the first second after the Big
Bang, all the matter and antimatter in the newborn universe found each other and BAM! ANNIHILATIONS GALORE. All the antimatter disappeared in bursts of
energy, leaving behind just… matter. No one knows why the Big Bang made more matter
than antimatter. But these scientists are making antimatter
to find out more about it… this facility creates antimatter using the
particle beams at CERN we convert protons into antiprotons
CERN is the Center for European Nuclear Research, we went there last year, and it’s where
the Large Hadron Collider lives. This Antimatter Factory takes protons shooting
along the LHC and converts them to antihydrogen — the antimatter version of hydrogen. Then Dr. Bertsche and his team trap the antihydrogen
to study it. We know a lot about hydrogen, so we wanna
see how antihydrogen might be different. But remember, you can’t let antimatter touch
matter, ever. No air, no fancy containers… nothing that’s
made of matter. So, the scientists use magnetic fields to
hold the antihydrogen inside this trap. They behave like little tiny refrigerator
magnets and consequently we basically have to arrange a magnetic field geometry that
looks kind of like a bathtub. So, the antihydrogen atoms basically sit in
a magnetic bathtub or magnetic bottle. But it’s really actually physically shaped
like a bathtub. it’s about the size of sort of a two liter
coke bottle. The magnetic bathtub is called a Penning-Malmberg
trap. The magnetic field keeps the antihydrogen
from hitting the walls of the trap and annihilating — because remember, no touch matter. Powerful magnets and lasers force the antihydrogen
to get stuck inside the magnetic field like a piece of candy in a bowl. Once they’ve trapped the antimatter, the
scientists at the Factory can learn things about this mysterious mirror of our universe’s
matter. For example, what color it is… it’s pink. We have reason to believe that there’s some
difference that we don’t understand yet between matter and antimatter If I had a glass bowl full of hydrogen gas,
I could make like a neon lamp. If you had a antihydrogen lamp it would be
a sort of pinkish purplish color. Disappointingly, antimatter isn’t some kind
of miracle form of matter. It doesn’t have antigravity, it doesn’t
do… well, anything different. If you could build an antimatter table, it
would just… be a table. That is weird, right? What if — in those few hot moments after
the Big Bang — the universe was completely made of antimatter? Would it feel exactly the same? I mean, think about it. If antimatter and matter are exactly the same. Then what is the difference? If the whole universe was made of antimatter
we’d just call that matter. And what we think of as matter would be called
antimatter. All the things we call positive are just relative! All the charges are relative to our experience
with our universe which arbitrarily is made of matter. Physics get’s really weird when you get
right down to it. In the end, an antimatter universe — based
on everything we know, would look and feel exactly the same as our own. But more research is needed. Scientists trapped antimatter for the first
time in 2010. Now, just a few short years later, they’ve
learned to trap more than a dozen antiatoms at a time over and over again! WoooooooooooOOoOOoo
Antimatter has been held by experiments here for many many months and indeed one of the
experiments has a collection of antiprotons that they grabbed onto some time early last
year and they’ve actually still have the same antiprotons that they’ve had the whole time
They want to hold onto it so they can keep testing it. But even still, after a bit they have to let
the antimatter go. Then it annihilates and disappears. But even though annihilation sounds like a
big, violent, terrible, thing… it’s actually kind of like a … The scientists see some gamma radiation, and
that’s all she wrote. Practically speaking, CERN has only made 10
nanograms of antimatter. Ever. All the energy from annihilating it, could
only power one light bulb for, 4 hours. And to make that antimatter takes a billion
times more energy than what we get back from annihilating it. There’s not a lot of practical applications
for this antimatter research yet… but… Antimatter is actually commonly used in a
lot of medical techniques such as a positron emission tomography. // Also called a PET scan, it’s used for cancer
diagnoses. Look, Star Trek famously traveled the universe
using engines that ran on matter-antimatter reactions. But, based on what we know of antihydrogen,
whether we could do that is a big old shrug. At the moment, almost a century after it was
first theorized, antimatter research is still in its infancy, but thanks to Dr. Bertsche
and dozens of grad students and scientists around the world, maybe someday we’ll know
more. The antimatter factory make their antiprotons
using the Large Hadron Collider. But do you even know what the Large Hadron
Collider is? We went there. Check it out here, it’s going to blow your
mind. How do you guys feel about physics with no
practical application? Boring or incredible? Tell us in the comments, please subscribe
for more Seeker and thank you so much for watching.

100 thoughts on “This Is The Only Place Antimatter Can Survive In The Universe”

  1. are there any buyers to buy antimatter contain in very old lightening conductors which are pulling rice.

  2. Two semi's collided on a highway today, nine. The death toll isnt exactly a great success to the mass's. If your fiber optics and formula one experiments dont kill us all, intellectual dirty talk is killing the f*** right out of me. If you're trying to fuel too fast to comprehend miracles of Transportation I really wish you guys the best to figure it all out and take the first Super Fast Trip the f*** away

  3. Like you said 2p2 =4
    And -2p2=4
    The only thing that is different is the sign
    So I think if there was antimatter instead of matter I think the only difference the would be is the color and shape .

  4. Physics should be done at all costs! It is analogous to a little boy playing with his blocks. We know not what or where we are, and if we do not try and find out we might as well be dead already!

  5. so there is another dymmesion made just of anti matter perhaps and i just posted this on anti matter youtube asking is there another dymmension made of matter?

  6. Well if antimater when in contact with normal matter cancels it …..then anti matter can cancel anything ryt?

  7. If everything is made up of matter, what is a magnetic field made of? And if a magnetic field is made up of some type of force, is that force also made up of matter? And if that force is some type of matter, wouldnt it cancel out the anti matter?

  8. Using antimatter on the cancer cells it’s self too make ur cancer go bleep? Nope, just uses it too see the Damn growth

  9. Wait.. So then we can logically postulate that WE OURSELVES can NOT occupy same space or even TOUCH our opposite and evil twin? Supernaturally EVIL, like Jordan Peele's "US".
    Unfortunately, it IS very much a DARK matter side effect.

  10. If this planet is the only planet where anti-matter can thrive, we made it up. I’m almost certain, there has to be other types of philosophies; and plus, we can’t verify that this is true. It draws context to logical fallacies. In fact, the idea of anti-matter draws context to a logical fallacy. The idea of you calling us the only planet in the world to be able to harness anti-matter is an example of “personal incredulity.” Another thing: if there is any evidence we are alone, I bet it’s an example of the “Texas Sharpshooter.” You cherry picked a data cluster to suit your argument. It’s like you guys shot randomly at a barn, and then painted a target sign over it. It’s indefatigable, and it’s disgusting. You also made an appeal to nature, but that doesn’t mean that anti-matter was even existent before we made up the idea. Nowhere could we describe anti-matter as being tangible, and I’m almost certain that sun’s produce small amounts of anti-matter, and we have no monitored every sun the solar system to verify this claim. We just created a depiction that we could’ve hallucinated ourselves to make ourselves look better. The anecdotal logical fallacy comes in to context when understanding all the others before this one. Again, there is not enough data to verify this claim. Lastly but not least, you made false cause where you also cut in the black and white fallacy. Nobody ever said that nature only existed in black and white. Indeed, there is more than just positive and negative particles, and other organisms can most definitely call them something different, but it’s still not certain.

  11. Please stop the research.
    Energy can neither be created nor be destroyed….
    You are just transferring energy from one form to another… That's matter to antimatter..
    If somehow, someone stops laboratory power, and one day both interact and your city will be gone because of research

  12. So anti matter and matter when they dvided the antimatter got locked into another dimension that exist within our world. I know this sounds insane.

  13. So if there was a room full of anti-oxygen instead of air, does that mean that if someone walked into it they'd just… Poof out of existence?

  14. Okay so what happens if an anti-matter storage lab were to get hit by a black out, or what if someone (figuratively) trips over the plug..?

    Big boom boom?

  15. Keep searching, search through physical science is best way to understand universe bcs it will clear the mind of someone who will know the physics and then try to understand the God concept.
    He is there in everything and everywhere like matter and also he is there in nothing and nowhere like anti matter.
    Now guess what It is, keep searching.

  16. This depiction is based on the current knowledge we have accquired till now …and this knowledge is applicable to the world around us so till far we have no problem …

    WHAT IF I tell you the knowledge you humans have gained so far is false …
    And Some one on a very odd day brings all new sorts of theories that includes more amount of observational proofs …than its now …so surely it will work …

    Leave a baby in Mars and one on moon …

    After some years check out their Life and there brain and thinking.
    It will be different …

  17. What about dark matter doesn't that give off a high lvl of energy when it explodes if there's more mystery of it please make a vid

  18. 10^-9 gram= 1 nano gram

    10 nanograms of annihilation can make a bulb glow for 4hrs

    So if a large quantity of it is reacted with matter then,boom
    You got a powerful and simple anti-atomic bomb

  19. Why don't u think anti matter has property opposite to matter . And u said an equation according to it if this universe is made up of matter then there will be an universe that made up of antimatter . Maybe we don't know about it

  20. Can we replicate positrons and replace electrons with them? What effect would that have on an atom? If its even possible.

  21. Too doubtful for physics, are they even sure it works like that? It's all theory mah, the negatrons (negative protons) might just be any other particle that's different from it in a way that creates such changes to the researcher diagnosis instruments

  22. It's not hard to see that black holes are the antimatter and why their gravitational effects are so heavy, they equal the opposite of all matter. It's quite simple, I'm betting on them finding the anti versions of everything will have a higher atomic weight to support my Theory.

  23. Always wish I done better in school and studied science , now that I’m older I find it amazing and so interesting

  24. Wait so antimatter can or cant enter the earths magnetic force field? Would aliens maybe be able to create ships from antimatter and enter earth without us seeing them? Just a theory

  25. in antimatter and matter cancelled each other out after the big bang..there should be nothing in the universe

  26. Next bomb that the US is gonna develop, the Anti Matter bomb, it can annihilate a whole country de size of belgium

  27. when matter and antimatter go ”poof” they might just disapear in to another dimension. They could still be there, just we cant see them.

  28. EVERY ONE INVOLVED IN HANDS ON PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS IS LIKE SOME KIDS PLAYING WITH MATCHES. STUPID KIDS AT THAT. WHY DO YOU THINK EINSTEIN DIDNT PUT A GRAVITY CONSTANT INTO THE THEORY OF RELATIVITY? HE KNEW WHAT THE FOOLS THAT RUN THE WORLD WOULD DO WITH THAT KIND OF POWER. EXAMPLE >> MANKIND LEARNED TO SPLIT THE ATOM. DID THEY LOAD UP A VESSEL WITH U-238 AND GRADE A LIGHT WATER AND START PRODUCING DIRT CHEAP ELECTRICITY AVAILABLE TO EVERYONE TO TURN AMERICA INTO AN ECONOMIC POWERHOUSE THAT PRODUCED ASTRONOMICAL TAX REVENUES ? NOPE. HAVE THEY DONE IT YET? NOPE. DID THEY BLOW TWO CITIES OFF THE FACE OF THE EARTH AND BUILD A STOCK PILE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS LARGE ENOUGH TO DESTROY THE EARTH. SURE WHY NOT. SEARCH >> SAMANTHA SMITH THE LETTER SHE SAVED THE WORLD FROM BEING DESTROYED BY NUCLEAR CAPABILITIES. BETTER HOPE SOMEONE STEPS UP BEFORE THE PEOPLE OF TODAY RIP A HOLE IN SPACETIME THAT DESTROYS EVERYTHING. WORD. PEACE OUT.

  29. If you had anti hydrogen would it still react in the same way as regular hydrogen? Just remember grade 11 my teacher using it for an explosion

  30. Now I know why traditional current flows from negative to positive terminal. We all live in anti matter universe!!!

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